Zachary Macaulay (1768-1838) from Inveraray, saw how slavery operated in Jamaica, when he worked as a bookkeeper on a sugar plantation. Plantations employed all sorts of people: carpenters, gardeners, bookkeepers and doctors were needed. Jamaica. While the sun-soaked island may seem to be the polar opposite of Scotland, he would learn that it had a shared — and disturbing — heritage with his homeland, dating to an era when Scottish plantation owners built their fortunes on slave labor. Still among Jamaica's most powerful families, the Barnetts and Jarretts were plantation owners and have owned land for many generations. In 1739 they left Jamaica to settle in London, where Grant continued to expand his business, including the slaving venture at Bance Island and contracts with the Royal Navy. An early example of such a landlord was William Helyar, who lived in East Coker, Somerset but owned Begbrook plantation on the Caribbean island of Jamaica. There were an extraordinarily high proportion of Scottish plantation owners in St Kitts and Jamaica, as well as Virginia in the American colonies. Photographer, Paul Duke, also grew-up in Muirhouse, and although he left to study and then work in London, family roots have repeatedly drawn him back and recently he decided that photography was … Scots were plantation and slave owners, merchants, ship owners and crew, surgeons, investors and bookkeepers. Many of these men, grew fabulously wealthy and built elaborate plantation houses, some of which remain, while others have become ruins. This is a list of plantations and pens in Jamaica by county and parish including historic parishes that have since been merged with modern parishes. Legacies of British Slave-ownership identifies the names of slaveowners in Jamaica at the time of emancipation in 1833. This type of ahistorical blog enters an echo-chamber of misinformation cited as credible sources, sometimes in response to articles about migration or the Scottish role in slavery . Tranquil views like this might have enticed Robert Lyle to leave Scotland and become the resident owner of a coffee plantation in Jamaica. and List of Property Owners shown. However, he nearly made a trip to Jamaica as a slave plantation overseer in 1786). You can take a one-hour horseback tour of the estate or a guided tour by a costumed docent. Found documents that they had many. There are 814 sugar plantations on Robertson's map and all have been linked to … Robert Milligan, (1746–1809) Scottish merchant and ship-owner. I visited Jamaica in early Spring and shot photographs of properties which were owned Scottish plantation-owners owned and which grew sugar-cane using the forced labour of African slaves. Eliza: Story of Highland slave-owner’s children taken from Guyana to Scotland told in new Gaelic film by Megan McEachern November 26, 2020, 12:02 am Updated: November 27, 2020, 5:11 pm This collection contains records detailing the Goulburn family’s ownership of Amity Hall plantation and associated properties in Jamaica during the 17th and 18th centuries. Plantations produced crops, such as sugar cane and coffee, whilst livestock pens produced animals for labour on plantations and for consumption. Both industries used the forced labour of enslaved peoples. Copies of original testaments of plantation owners may survive in estate papers or among family papers. Scottish slave masters and slave owners played a significant part in British slavery. It has also had a reputation for strong community spirit and looking after its own as Scottish legends and former Muirhouse residents, Gordon Strachan and Irvine Welsh, can attest to. The names I am seeking are: Peter Martineau Francis Martineau Hugh Martineau Mary Ann Martineau. It was not the custom in Jamaica to automatically give the slave the surname of the owner, and certainly not to give the slave the name of the estate. Three years later a ruling was made in an English court that ruled slavery was not supported in common law in England and Wales. He wished “to ascertain if the possession was worth the risk of an appeal to the Chancellor.” But “a stronger inducement” for visiting the plantation was a “feeling of personal interest in the condition of a place which had Within the programmes, the reasons behind the hiding of this shameful period in Scottish history are contemplated, not least the threat these truths pose to our nation's self-identity as egalitarian, and the ethos of ’we're all Jock Tamson's bairns’. He buys a young, black slave boy with the given name Joseph Knight. Well my family went to Jamaica from. He played a key role in the abolition of the slave trade in 1807. GLASGOW, Scotland — In Scotland, a history of slave trading hides in plain sight. In 1752 he bought the estate of Dalvey near Forres, Morayshire. For example, Jamaica - where I was born - contained about 300,000 slaves and was the main producer of sugar and coffee. Scotland and Jamaica – Origin of Street names in Glasgow; Scottish Slavery; Scotland and Slavery leaflet; Runaway Slaves in Jamaica in the 19th Century including some owned by Newland(s) Scotland and Slavery ” Many of our industries, our schools and our churches were founded from the profits of African slavery. They weren’t slaves they were black they went to Jamaica to set up sugar plantations. media caption Many streets in Glasgow city centre are named after slave-owning plantation owners. (free database) A Tale of Two Plantations: Enslaved Families in Virginia and Jamaica explores enslaved families at the Mesopotamia plantation in Jamaica. It has been georeferenced by the Map Collections team at the National Library of Scotland, allowing a smooth transfer between the 1804 map and a modern satellite image.. 1763 MAP OF JAMAICA. As a mixed-race Scot, whose grandparents were from Jamaica, Laura Cripps thinks it … Bellfield Planatation near Montago Bay in Jamaica. One commentator, Edward Long, estimated that in Jamaica in 1774 around one third of the white population were Scottish or of Scottish descent. They came from Scotland so Scotland already had black people her also known as Moores. In Jamaica, where Scottish surnames and place names abound, a sense of shame for past misdeeds goes only so far. thanks Carolyn . In 1833, the year the British Parliament passed the Emancipation Act, an estimate of Jamaica's population showed 16,600 whites, 31,300 free coloured, 11,000 free blacks, and 311,000 enslaved Africans and people of African descent. Pitt, the British Prime Minister, said in 1800 that Jamaica provided Britain with most of the money "acquired" from the Empire. She was a primary producer of sugar, coffee, rum and spices and large quantities of these products came to Greenock, Port Glasgow and Leith. Scotland this was the 1600s. Scottish merchants and investors fueled the trade in slavery. Today, a visit to the Barnett Estate offers you a look back at the past to the days when this land grew everything from sugarcane to coconuts. James Monroe (1758–1831), 5th President of the United States, he enslaved many people on his Virginia plantations. Most of the papers concern the properties when they were administered by Conservative MP Henry Goulburn between 1805 and 1856. Stirling owned and managed several sugar plantations in Jamaica including one called, Hampden, and the wealth generated from his plantations led him to buy several large properties in Scotland. British slave owners in the first half of the 19th century owned about 800,000 slaves in British slave colonies. During his sojourn in Jamaica he decided to visit his great-uncle’s former Marley plantation in St. Mary’s Parish on which he had a legitimate claim. This will be evident by examining lists of slave baptisms and noting that there were many different surnames on any one estate. Scotland had a good education system and … Slavery may seem to belong to another world but historians have argued it is closely tied to Scotland, and its legacy continues to be felt today. It will be noted that slaves chose, adopted, or were given at baptism, various surnames. Like an increasing number of Scots in the colonies John Wedderburn starts a sugar plantation in Jamaica. If the testament was registered by a court whose jurisdiction covered the plantation itself, the registers might survive in the relevant national archives of that country. Would you be please check for any mention of the name of Martineau or Ronalds as a plantation owner? Scottish plantation owner John Wedderburn. Below is a list of these names tabulated by parish. At 09:57 28/11/2000 EST, you wrote: >Hi The National Trust for Scotland is carrying out a review into historic properties that have links to slavery - including Culzean Castle, which featured in the horror film The Wicker Man. Street names such as Jamaica Street (Glasgow) also nod to our associated heritage. The anniversary of Emancipation provides the opportunity to explore the rarely discussed phenomenon of Jamaica's black and coloured slave owners. There are many documented examples of Glaswegians owning plantations. In 1737 he married Elizabeth Cooke, daughter of a wealthy plantation owner from Bristol. This map is unique in that it does not show much in the way of towns, but it shows the names of the owners of quite a few estates/ plantations. Alexander Houston and Co. was the largest sugar house in Scotland, although they were declared bankrupt in 1800 in the worst financial disaster in the history of the British slave trade. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. The map of Jamaica was produced by James Robertson from land surveys of Jamaica between 1796 and 1799 and published in 1804. Many plantation owners did not live on the plantations and depended on a range of managers to live there and run them. I read your email re plantation owners in Jamaica. 22/03/2019. … This drawing was published in 1820 in a book by artist James Hakewill titled "A Picturesque Tour of the Island of Jamaica." A few years later he became Governor of Sierra Leone, where people in slavery had been freed in 1787. However, a significant amount of slave-produced cotton and tobacco came from North American slave plantations to Scotland. Jamaica was important to the British Empire. 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