(2) No torture, force, violence, threat, intimidation, or any other means which vitiate the free will shall be used against him. SECTION 11. The Congress shall regulate or prohibit monopolies in commercial mass media when the public interest so requires. Section 9. The provisions of paragraphs (3) and (4), Section 15 of Article VIII of this Constitution shall apply to cases or matters filed before the ratification of this Constitution, when the applicable period lapses after such ratification. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. Section 1 of Article 2 establishes that the term (time that they serve) for the position of Vice President and President shall be: A. 189405 – Case Digest, Difference Between Certiorari and Prohibition. SECTION 4. SECTION 10. SECTION 22. SECTION 8. The Supreme Court shall have the following powers: (1) Exercise original jurisdiction over cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and over petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, quo warranto, and habeas corpus. A separate Deputy for the military establishment may likewise be appointed. Philippine Constitution Article II. 12247, October 14, 2020, Gonzales vs. Abaya | G.R. The creation of the autonomous region shall be effective when approved by majority of the votes cast by the constituent units in a plebiscite called for the purpose, provided that only provinces, cities, and geographic areas voting favorably in such plebiscite shall be included in the autonomous region. SECTION 16. (2) Academic freedom shall be enjoyed in all institutions of higher learning. The State shall protect consumers from trade malpractices and from substandard or hazardous products. Has nothing to do with the cybercrime law. Urban or rural poor dwellers shall not be evicted nor their dwellings demolished, except in accordance with law and in a just and humane manner. SECTION 14. If the person cannot afford the services of counsel, he must be provided with one. (1) The State recognizes the complementary roles of public and private institutions in the educational system and shall exercise reasonable supervision and regulation of all educational institutions. Each Commission shall perform such other functions as may be provided by law. (4) The law shall provide for penal and civil sanctions for violations of this section as well as compensation to and rehabilitation of victims of torture or similar practices, and their families. The State may not be sued without its consent. The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. SECTION 31. SECTION 4. Public officers and employees owe the State and this Constitution allegiance at all times, and any public officer or employee who seeks to change his citizenship or acquire the status of an immigrant of another country during his tenure shall be dealt with by law. In times of national emergency, when the public interest so requires, the State may, during the emergency and under reasonable terms prescribed by it, temporarily take over or direct the operation of any privately owned public utility or business affected with public interest. The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments. The order and the list of the sequestered or frozen properties shall forthwith be registered with the proper court. The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights. Whenever the President transmits to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice-President as Acting President. SECTION 17. (2) Any evidence obtained in violation of this or the preceding section shall be inadmissible for any purpose in any proceeding. They shall strictly avoid conflict of interest in the conduct of their office. (2) All cases involving the constitutionality of a treaty, international or executive agreement, or law, which shall be heard by the Supreme Court en banc, and all other cases which under the Rules of Court are required to be heard en banc, including those involving the constitutionality, application, or operation of presidential decrees, proclamations, orders, instructions, ordinances, and other regulations, shall be decided with the concurrence of a majority of the Members who actually took part in the deliberations on the issues in the case and voted thereon. IN FILIPINO ENGLISH TRANSLATION; ARTIKULO III: ARTICLE III: KATIPUNAN NG MGA KARAPATAN: BILL OF RIGHTS: SEKSYON 1. Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship, unless by their act or omission they are deemed, under the law, to have renounced it. In the case of the President, the Vice-President, the Members of the Cabinet, the Congress, the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Commissions and other constitutional offices, and officers of the armed forces with general or flag rank, the declaration shall be disclosed to the public in the manner provided by law. It shall have supervision over the operations of banks and exercise such regulatory powers as may be provided by law over the operations of finance companies and other institutions performing similar functions. SECTION 13. ARTICLE II: DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES PRINCIPLES PRINCIPLES • Type of government envisioned Sec 1 Article II lays out the basic social and political creed of the Philippines, particularly the implementation of the constitution and sets forth the objectives of the government. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare. The 1986 Constitution was promulgated by authority of Presidential Proclamation No. SECTION 9. Article II Section 8 of the Philippine Constitution is the cornerstone of Philippine policy with regard to the presence of nuclear weapons within its territory. No law shall be passed reorganizing the Judiciary when it undermines the security of tenure of its Members. The President and the Vice-President shall be elected by direct vote of the people for a term of six years which shall begin at noon on the thirtieth day of June next following the day of the election and shall end at noon of the same date six years thereafter. SECTION 22. SECTION 19. SECTION 5. SECTION 3. SECTION 14. The Ombudsman must have for ten years or more been a judge or engaged in the practice of law in the Philippines. The first regular elections for the President and Vice-President under this Constitution shall be held on the second Monday of May, 1992. SECTION 1. The State shall give priority to research and development, invention, innovation, and their utilization; and to science and technology education, training, and services. The use of property bears a social function, and all economic agents shall contribute to the common good. SECTION 15. To this end, the State shall encourage and undertake the just distribution of all agricultural lands, subject to such priorities and reasonable retention limits as the Congress may prescribe, taking into account ecological, developmental, or equity considerations, and subject to the payment of just compensation. The senior Justice in the Electoral Tribunal shall be its Chairman. Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of the service for the full term for which he was elected. (4) Each House shall keep a Journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may, in its judgment, affect national security; and the yeas and nays on any question shall, at the request of one-fifth of the Members present, be entered in the Journal. Appropriations for the special election shall be charged against any current appropriations and shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraph 4, Section 25, Article VI of this Constitution. Philippine constitutional law experts recognize three other previous constitutions as having effectively governed the country — the 1935Commonwealth Constitution, the 1973 Constitution, and the 1986 Freedom Constitution. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation. SECTION 15. The State shall provide immediate and adequate care, benefits, and other forms of assistance to war veterans and veterans of military campaigns, their surviving spouses and orphans. (1) No person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense without due process of law. SECTION 24. SECTION 11. (2) The Chairman and the Commissioners shall be appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments for a term of seven years without reappointment. SECTION 4. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. Secret detention places, solitary, incommunicado, or other similar forms of detention are prohibited. If at the beginning of the term of the President, the President-elect shall have died or shall have become permanently disabled, the Vice-President-elect shall become President. The State shall promote the preferential use of Filipino labor, domestic materials and locally produced goods, and adopt measures that help make them competitive. The State shall regulate and exercise authority over foreign investments within its national jurisdiction and in accordance with its national goals and priorities. The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. (2) The party-list representatives shall constitute twenty per centum of the total number of representatives including those under the party list. It shall equally protect the life of … There shall be autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras as hereinafter provided. It may exercise such other functions and duties as the Supreme Court may assign to it. In all such cases, the votes of each House shall be determined by yeas or nays, and the names of the Members voting for or against shall be entered in its Journal. Before they enter on the execution of their office, the President, the Vice-President, or the Acting President shall take the following oath or affirmation: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully and conscientiously fulfill my duties as President (or Vice-President or Acting President) of the Philippines, preserve and defend its Constitution, execute its laws, do justice to every man, and consecrate myself to the service of the Nation. (6) The officers and men of the regular force of the armed forces shall be recruited proportionately from all provinces and cities as far as practicable. SECTION 10. The State shall also protect, develop, and conserve such resources. SECTION 13. Proprietary educational institutions, including those cooperatively owned, may likewise be entitled to such exemptions subject to the limitations provided by law including restrictions on dividends and provisions for reinvestment. The Ombudsman and his Deputies shall serve for a term of seven years without reappointment. Upon the initiative of the President, the Congress may, in the same manner, extend such proclamation or suspension for a period to be determined by the Congress, if the invasion or rebellion shall persist and public safety requires it. The practice of all professions in the Philippines shall be limited to Filipino citizens, save in cases prescribed by law. The State shall regulate or prohibit monopolies when the public interest so requires. Such rules shall provide a simplified and inexpensive procedure for the speedy disposition of cases, shall be uniform for all courts of the same grade, and shall not diminish, increase, or modify substantive rights. Arts and letters shall enjoy the patronage of the State. SECTION 17. Below is a side-by-side presentation of Article Three (3) of the 1987 Philippine Constitution in the Filipino language and in English. The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. SECTION 15. SECTION 6. Individuals and private groups, including corporations, cooperatives, and similar collective organizations, shall have the right to own, establish, and operate economic enterprises, subject to the duty of the State to promote distributive justice and to intervene when the common good so demands. EXPLANATORY NOTE Article XII Section 2 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides: "Section 2, All lands of the public domain, waters, minerals, coal, petroleum, and other mineral oils, all forces of potential energy, fisheries, forests or timber, wildlife, flora and fauna, and other natural resources are owned by the State. Access to official records, and to documents, and papers pertaining to official acts, transactions, or decisions, as well as to government research data used as basis for policy development, shall be afforded the citizen, subject to such limitations as may be provided by law. If the President-elect fails to qualify, the Vice-President-elect shall act as President until the President-elect shall have qualified. SECTION 11. The State shall encourage equity participation in public utilities by the general public. The State, subject to the provisions of this Constitution and national development policies and programs, shall protect the rights of indigenous cultural communities to their ancestral lands to ensure their economic, social, and cultural well-being. A state of martial law does not suspend the operation of the Constitution, nor supplant the functioning of the civil courts or legislative assemblies, nor authorize the conferment of jurisdiction on military courts and agencies over civilians where civil courts are able to function, nor automatically suspend the privilege of the writ. At the earliest possible time, the Government shall increase the salary scales of the other officials and employees of the National Government. The first local elections shall be held on a date to be determined by the President, which may be simultaneous with the election of the Members of the Congress. All other public officers and employees may be removed from office as provided by law, but not by impeachment. 235573, November 9, 2020, Frabelle Properties Corp. vs. AC Enterprises, Inc. | G.R. The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. The President shall notify the Congress of every contract entered into in accordance with this provision, within thirty days from its execution. SECTION 7. SECTION 2. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and the promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy. SECTION 15. All persons shall have the right to a speedy disposition of their cases before all judicial, quasi-judicial, or administrative bodies. Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines (1987), Article II, Section 12 Section 12 The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. SECTION 7. Article 2 of the Philippine Constitution . 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