Flowering Dogwood Trees America’s most popular native flowering tree thrives in the home garden By Anne Balogh The dogwood, one of the most popular trees in the country, offers an unmatched four-season display of beauty. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It’s scientific name is Cornus florida. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. These plants are relatively hardy but they do have their Achilles' heels. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. Flowering dogwoods are propagated through seeds as well as various techniques of grafting. Tree Blossoms That Look Like the Pink Magnolia Tree, Tree With Dogwoodlike Blooms That Produce Berries in Fall, North Carolina Museum of History: State Flower -- Dogwood, ProFlowers: Virginia State Flower, American Dogwood, University of Tennessee Extension: Dogwoods for American Gardens, Ohio Department of Natural Resources: Flowering Dogwood (Cornus Florida). As the disease progresses, the petals and/or leaves begin to turn yellow, and curl. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions. As the flowers bloom, the showy bracts expand to attract pollinating insects. The leaves turn red and purple in fall. Trees growing in the mesic sites are more susceptible to dogwood anthracnose (see Pests and Potential Problems). Pick a good quality variety from a reputed vendor. 7 An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. The dogwood is the state flower of North Carolina and Virginia. The most popular with gardeners are the flowering dogwoods, mostly varieties of Cornus florida. Dogwood is a popular ornamental tree with its flowering bracts, elegant foliage, and bright red fruits. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Depending on location, dogwood trees may bloom in March, April or May for about two weeks. According to the University of Tennessee, the legend holds that the red-brown indentations on the flowers’ petal tips symbolize the nail marks of the crucifixion. Choose from any type of mulch you want, and learn how mulching is done. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Legal Status. The four showy dogwood flower petals aren’t actually petals as botanists define them. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Dogwood is a native of North America and the south of northern New England, Minnesota, and Wyoming. The fruit of the Flowering dogwood occurs in clusters. Dogwood is one of the most popular ornamental trees appreciated for its beauty, and for its use as the background tree in landscaping. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. But how much else do you know about it? The leaves of the have prominent veins. The regional term ‘flowering dogwood’ is a misnomer, though, since all members of the genus Cornus have flowers. The flowering dogwood is a great tree for a specimen planting or even in mass planting in naturalized areas. The dogwood... State Flower. Estimates run from 30 to 60. The leaves are opposite one another and from 3 to 6 inches long. Species. Noteworthy Characteristics Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. They cannot grow on dry areas because the root systems of … Water the plant adequately in its first year. The dogwood is the state flower of North Carolina and Virginia. It should be planted in well dug up soil that is incorporated with lime, fertilizer, and organic compost. Flowering dogwood has large, showy, Spruce Up Your Yard With These Tree Landscaping Ideas, Tips and Tricks for Weed Whacking Like a Pro, How to Make or Choose the Best Weed Killer Spray. Not browsed by deer. Cornus florida L., flowering dogwood, is a small, bushy tree which rarely attains a height of more than 40 feet or a diameter of 12 to 18 inches. This can be avoided by a regular spray of fungicides. The white flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a common deciduous tree occurring throughout the eastern half of the United States. The fruit is a fall/winter favorite of a variety of birds. Share options. Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood. Flowering dogwood grows fine in full sun if planted in deep, fertile soil that retains moisture. Wild dogwood flowers are mostly white, but wild pink varieties grow as well. Cultivation and Propagation Information. Prune only in their dormant season, in winters when the branches are bare, and just before new buds begin to sprout. In shallow, dry, or rocky soil, it often leaf-scorches badly in summer droughts. When pollinated, the flowers produce red berries relished by wildlife. Growth Rate. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. These cookies do not store any personal information. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! The dogwood develops red berries in autumn, and the leaves also turn a deep red before falling for winter. But the flowers are not the only attraction, their foliage, end of season berries, and the autumn colours are outstanding too. Flowering dogwoods grow best on moist and well-drained sandy soil (which has adequate amounts of silt and clay) in open woodlands. The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. One can train them when they are young, and prune them to remove injured, diseased, or insect-infested branches. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... One drawback of having a flowering dogwood is its susceptibility to diseases. American Dogwood Quick Facts; Name: American Dogwood: Scientific Name: Cornus florida: Origin: Eastern United States from the Gulf of Mexico and central Florida to east Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas to Chicago and southern New England: Shapes: Elongated, 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long, 8 mm (0.31 in) wide It is the state tree of Missouri and Virginia. It blooms in early spring (April) shortly after, but usually overlapping, the bloom period of the redbuds. So, go ahead and plant it if you’re looking to make your landscape one of the prettiest ones in the neighborhood. Flowering Dogwood (C. florida) Mature Height/Spread: The flowering dogwood will grow 40 feet tall … Beautiful of the most common species, and you ’ ve most likely heard, is the flowering dogwood Cornus! The first wild pink dogwoods were recorded in Virginia in 1731 pink varieties as. 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