Find out how to spot them, the symptoms and outlook, and how you can help. Dogwood fruit, or Asiatic cornelian cherry fruit, is from the Japanese dogwood scientifically named Cornus kousa. Uses of a Flowering Dogwood Tree Flowering dogwood trees are mostly used for landscaping purposes, as the beauty of this tree is spellbinding. Be sure to plant with the root collar or top of the root ball level with the soil surface — not a bit deeper! Credit: John Richmond / Alamy Stock Photo. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Viewed from Above:  Branching structure and the delightful way blossoms are borne upward on the branches make this a good choice to plant beneath balconies, high porches, and room windows that look downward on the landscape. How Jamaican Dogwood is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Skewers used to be called 'dags' or 'dogs', so the name means 'skewer wood'. Ethnobotanic: Flowering dogwood root bark was used by Native Americans as a fever reducer, skin astringent, an antidiarrheal agent, and as a pain reliever for headaches, sores, and muscle inflammations. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. The bark was simmered in water and used on aching muscles and a bark tea was used to promote sweating and break a fever. It grows on fertile, loamy soil in areas that provide enough moisture and shade. The leaves are eaten by the caterpillars of some moths, including the case-bearer moth, while the flowers are visited by insects and the berries are eaten by many mammals and birds. The berries are eaten by many birds and mammals. Writer-naturalist Donald Peattie once wrote, “Lovely as it is, dogwood stoops also to be useful.”. It likes full sun and will tolerate a little shade, likes acid, moist and well drained soils. How to Plant and Care for Flowering Dogwood, When planting flowering dogwood, careful site selection and some attention to regular care will be rewarded with an addition to the landscape that provides long-lasting, four-season beauty around the home, business or in lightly used areas of parks. Wounds predispose this species this species to invastion by dogwood borers. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Ceremony: The leaves of some varieties of Dogwood were used in smoking mixtures including Red Osier dogwood (C. stolonifera) and the C. rugosa type of dogwood. Registered in England No. An old tree will stand about 5 meters tall. Dogwood flowers provide nectar to pollinating insects and then become fruit that is sought after by birds and mammals. In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses and even legendary significance. Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides year-round interest in the landscape. Dogwood flowers are creamy-white and appear in clusters. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. The bark of all Cornus species are rich in tannins and have been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine - a drug that’s used to treat malaria and babesiosis. The red twig dogwood is an ornamental plant that is used commonly in hedges and rock gardens. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. This … Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. It becomes a focal point for viewing and adds to the beauty of the entire ensemble of plants. Specimen Tree:  A specimen tree is a free-standing element in a landscape design. Dogwood Tree Care: Disease and Pests Aphids and powdery mildew can be a problem, but a fungicidal application and horticultural oils in spring can help prevent insects and diseases. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. This North American species of hardwood tree produces distinctive fragrant white flowers in the spring, followed by clusters of bright red fruit. Research has shown that infected trees can be saved by pruning and destroying infected branches. List of various diseases cured by Jamaican Dogwood. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. The Kousa Dogwood is a deciduous tree that survives well in USDA zones 5-8 and is self fertile. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. The Dogwood is a fairly common type of tree with multiple species and multiple uses. Rake and dispose of leaves in autumn to help sanitize the area. In the sun the twigs are coloured crimson, but lime green in the shade. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Description & Overview. Ask an Arborist: How do I use Arbor Day Foundation Tree Care Products? The damage is mainly aesthetic and does little harm to the shrub. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Jamaican Dogwood. Saws or shears should be sanitized in Clorox or a similar solution after infected trees are pruned. It is able to grow in damp conditions but can grow in many soil types. Comments: Dogwood has excellent shock resistance, and is one of the hardest domestic woods of the United States or Canada. The blossoms of dogwood add a welcome touch of color in early spring. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) also is called boxwood and bunchberry. Bright autumn foliage and red berries that linger into winter add a bold stroke of color to any landscape design. Dogwood is native throughout Europe, Asia and North America. Leaves fade to a rich crimson before falling in autumn. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. The tree’s extremely hard wood also found important uses as weavers’ shuttles and in golf club heads, the handles of chisels and mauls, and even as wedges and yokes. Some are native to the U.S. and some are not, such as the very popular Kousa Dogwood which is native to Asia. Uses. Under the best of conditions, the growth rate of this tree is considered “medium.”. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. The flowers are small with four creamy white petals, and are produced in clusters. American Dogwood is a small deciduous tree which grows to the height of 10 meters and often wider than it is tall when mature having trunk diameter upto 30 cm. Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. Their branches provide shelter for land and water animals. But for countless Americans today, the dogwood needs no greater purpose than the remarkable beauty it brings forests and homes. In small spaces where there is little foot traffic or where a mulch bed can prevent soil compaction, a dogwood tree can serve this purpose. Leaves are simple, opposite, ovate measuring 6-13 cm long and 4-6 cm broad with entire margins. A branch would make an excellent Air wand, and small shards of wood could be ground and added to air-oriented incense blends. A drink similar to tea can be made from the bark to treat pain and fevers, while the leaves can be made into a poultice to cover wounds. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. After pollination by insects, the flowers develop into small black berries – sometimes called 'dogberries'. Due to colour, Dogwood makes a great feature tree for both flowering and foliage accent. Planting in this way also protects dogwood’s compaction-sensitive roots. Learn how your comment data is processed. Other names for the tree include Japanese cornelian cherry, Korean dogwood, Chinese dogwood, … Extreme care is necessary to prevent trunk damage such as from construction, lawn mowers or weed cutters. As a tonic, the Japanese cornel fruit energizes the body and acts as a stabilizer for body fluids. Spreading Holiday Cheer: How One Tree Becomes 50,000, Wildfire Restoration 101: How to Drive Recovery and Prevent Future Disaster, A New Landmark: 5 Million Tree Planters Around the Globe, Replanting Paradise: On the Ground with Kieran O’Leary, Sites where soil compaction is unavoidable, Soil that becomes excessively dry in summer, Sites exposed to salt spray or air pollution problems, Excessively hot sites such as parking lots. Its flowers turn into small black berries during the autumn. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Use 2 to 4 inches of wood chip mulch to help keep the soil cool and moist, and to reduce compaction. Can be planted in shade or partial shade, but full sun helps prevent dogwood anthracnos fungus. Dogwood Tree Spiritual Meanings & Metaphysical Correspondences. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), dogwood fruit is associated with improving kidney and liver health. Avoid: In recent years, dogwoods have been planted in harsh sites where stress predisposes them to a variety of diseases. It is able to grow in damp conditions but can grow in many soil types. Dogwood is native throughout Europe, Asia and North America. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. American dogwood is a plant. Uses. The scientific genus name, Cornus, derives from the Latin, cornu, or horn, in reference to another use of its hard wood. It is one of my favorite unique edible plants. The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. In this usage it is called an accent tree. Jamaican dogwood is a tree. The Flowering Dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that does not get too large, and it can be used many places in the landscape. Look out for: a stringy latex-type substance which can be seen if the leaves are pulled apart. The fruit is sometimes used for making wine. The fresh green, oval leaves are 6cm long, have smooth sides and characteristic curving veins. The four-petalled flowers have a bad smell.Identified in winter by: newer twigs which are bright red. 1982873. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Transform your home into a woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor. The shallow root system will benefit from a layer of mulch to maintain a cool root environment. Planting as described above can help prevent this disease. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Its shape is also good as a canopy tree. Found naturally in over one-third of all Tennessee counties, Cornus florida or flowering dogwood, is among the state’s favorite trees. Cornus Kousa Fruit is Edible | The Kousa Dogwood. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. The wood wore smoothly and didn’t crack under strenuous use. It is edible, with a sweet and creamy flavour, and is a delicious addition to the tree's ornamental value. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Picturesque ornamentals are selected for this role – standing alone like a piece of fine sculpture to be viewed from all sides. Shade over a deck or patio can also be a good use, and as a bonus the winter berries will attract birds to within viewing range. Dogwood is a type of flowering tree that belongs to the family Cornaceae. Dogwood is hermaphrodite, meaning the male and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower. Dogwood anthracnose is a troubling disease that has become nearly epidemic since the late 1970s. It was also used to counteract the effects of many poisons … Something interesting about the Dogwood Tree in Tennessee. Its bark is grey and smooth with ridges that develop over time. It turns a rich red-brown in fall. They are pretty used as an allee along the driveway, as … Both male and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower. Likewise, they are nice near a patio. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. The timber is so hard, it was used for crucifixes. Dogwoods have proven to be extremely invaluable to wildlife and humans alike. Credit: Frank Teigler Hippocampus Bildarchiv / Alamy Stock Photo. Accent Tree:  Sometimes a specimen tree (see below) can be placed effectively among a mass of lesser plant material. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Common Uses: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows (archery), mallets, pulleys, and turned objects. Best soil is a cool, acidic (pH 5.5 to 6.6) loam with a high percentage of organic matter. It is also a popular ornamental plant and is used in gardens to provide autumn and winter colour. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Place one near the front door and enjoy it throughout all the seasons. Although the flowers are small and grow in flat clusters, they are lovely when they appear and the berries that form in the fall and winter are highly decorative in either white or blue colors. In a small, intimate space where an enclosed feeling is desired, the spreading branches of dogwood can provide a pleasant “roof.”  (Some pruning of the lowest branches might be necessary for this use.) Pagoda dogwood makes an excellent small tree or large shrub in a shade garden or for naturalizing. 2-inch clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in spring give way to blue-black berries on red peduncles (flower stalks) in summer, a favorite of native wildlife. Its leaves are oval with smooth sides and curving veins. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. It is little used in modern herbalism. SC038885). Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Delivery is free. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Woodland Walks podcast with Adam Shaw and Dan Snow, Foraging for natural Christmas decorations. However, it can tolerate both heavier soils or lighter, sandy soils if other conditions are right. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. Dogwood can be susceptible to horse-chestnut scale insect – a sap-sucking, limpet-like insect which feeds on a wide range of trees and shrubs. The wood of the dogwood tree is one of the hardest and it is said that it was chosen to make the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified.The origin of the name comes from the smooth, straight twigs which were used to make butchers’ skewers. Names of Jamaican Dogwood in various languages of the world are also given. These strong trees have various features that make them well loved with those having vast estates and gardens. There has not been a lot written about the uses of dogwood for magic. People use American dogwood for headaches, wounds, fever, ongoing diarrhea, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. VAT No. Its toughness is appreciated in a variety of applications, though its poor dimensional stability means that its use is usually restricted to unglued/unjoined standalone … Dogwoods are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of butterflies and moths, including the emperor moth, the engrailed, the small angle shades, and the following case-bearers of the genus Coleophora: C. ahenella, C. salicivorella (recorded on Cornus canadensis), C. albiantennaella, C. cornella and C. cornivorella, with the latter three all feeding exclusively on Cornus. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. They fade to a rich crimson colour before falling in autumn. The Dogwood Tree is a majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the United States. 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