The issue to watch will be whether the opposition can become sufficiently organized to offer a united front to overcome Faure Gnassingbé’s influence on the electoral process. The dominant issue in Guinea’s 2020 presidential election is 81-year-old President Alpha Condé’s effort to seek a constitutionally prohibited third presidential term. Emotions can again be expected to reach a fever pitch, and all sides will need to exercise restraint and uphold buffers that prevent these emotions from spilling over into violence. Barring motivations to remain part of a unified national vision, regionally based politicians will have strong incentives to appeal to ethnic nationalist tropes in order to mobilize supporters. Faustin-Archange Touadéra, President of the Central African Republic, speaks during the first anniversary of the Central African Republic peace agreement at the Palais de la Renaissance in Bangui on February 6, 2020. CAR was also one of the eight African countries targeted by the Russian disinformation campaign exposed by Facebook where Russian-sponsored websites disguised as home-grown CAR entities would attempt to rally support for Russia. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); The referendum will be coupled with the long-delayed legislative elections on March 22. Upon independence in 1960, the French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic. YouTube Tellingly, however, the C-14 coalition of opposition parties that led the protests effectively disbanded once the term-limit reform was passed. At stake is Côte d’Ivoire’s reputation as an economic and security anchor in West Africa. Niger suffered the worst attack in its history on January 9, 2020, when 89 soldiers were killed in Chinagoder near the Malian border, an attack for which the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara took responsibility. On September 27, 2020 7:35 am In Foreign. On December 10, 2019, an estimated 1 million protesters took to the streets. Dec. 27, 2020 Confirmed Central African Republic Election for Assemblée Nationale (Central African National Assembly) The political crisis has also led to the fragmentation of the security sector. Civil society organizations have repeatedly organized protests to rally opposition to any constitutional changes regarding term limits. The former president still has numerous supporters in the capital, Bangui, though he would likely be deeply opposed in rebel-held areas. Some efforts to build cross-ethnic and cross-regional coalitions have begun. Almost two years after the government and fourteen rebel groups signed the peace agreement, the Central African Republic (CAR) is facing insecurity, political tensions and administrative delays in the run-up to elections scheduled for late December 2020. If necessary, a runoff vote will take place on Sunday, February 14, 2021. Faure Gnassingbé took office in 2005 in a disputed election following the death of his father, Gnassingbé Eyadema, who had ruled the small West African country with an iron fist for 38 years. Last week, former Central African Republic president Francois Bozizé returned to the country after more than six years in exile. (Photo: USAID). Thousands of people have been killed in the violence, and 1.2 million have been forcibly displaced. The Somali electoral process must also navigate the competition for influence by Gulf actors. Malawi’s democratic institutions have shown remarkable independence in pressing for a transparent tally for this election cycle and by resisting Mutharika’s attempts to subvert executive oversight. Paulo Soares, a Portuguese national, is currently Head of Interoperability Cell of the military EU Training Mission in the Central African Republic (EUTM RCA). The differences have frayed trust and resulted in declining levels of cooperation between Mogadishu and the outlying regions. However, the Constitutional Court’s ruling cited widespread irregularities, including duplicate forms and the use of Tippex correction fluid and missing signatures on some result sheets. Joseph Siegle is Research Director and Candace Cook is Research Assistant at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies. However, ECOWAS has been notably passive in responding to Togo’s persistent democratic deficit. Burundian soldiers dispersing protesters in Bujumbura in 2015. 1P1V is aimed at replacing the old system of clan-based power-sharing that was characterized by extensive vote buying, limited participation of women, and exclusion of marginalized and minority groups. Positively, 2019 also saw the passage of Ghana’s Right to Information law—the culmination of a two-decade effort to expand access to information from—and therefore improve oversight of—public institutions. The margin in the 2012 elections was particularly close, involving an appeal and a Supreme Court ruling to determine the winner. The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of Africa’s most fragile states, having faced persistent factional and intercommunal conflict since 2013. FILE - In this Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2013 file photo, President of the Central African Republic Francois Bozize speaks to the media at the presidential palace in Bangui, Central African Republic. The charges against him are widely seen as politically motivated. This represents a four- and ten-fold increase, respectively, from the previous year. However, the ruling Union of the Republic party, which holds 59 of 91 seats in Parliament, did not apply the new term limits retroactively, effectively resetting the term limit “clock” and opening the door for Faure Gnassingbé to run for a fourth term in 2020 and possibly a fifth term in 2025. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Tensions continued between the Government and E Zingo Biani – Front Uni pour la Défense de la Nation, an opposition coalition comprising political and civil society and trade union actors created in May to protest government concessions to armed groups within the framework of the Agreement, among other political and governance concerns. Central African Republic President Faustin-Archange Touadera has announced he will run in the December election in the country ravaged by more than seven years of civil war. Earlier this month, his party’s spokesman said Bozizé would stand for presidential elections in December 2020. (Photo: Kremlin.ru). Bozize faces an international arrest warrant, initiated by the CAR in 2013, for crimes against humanity and incitement to genocide. The issue of ethnicity is infused into all aspects of the electoral process. Attempts by Government officials to engage the group in dialogue were unsuccessful. This, coupled with independent polling that shows Magufuli’s popularity has fallen precipitously since taking office, means any Magufuli victory will be heavily tainted and lacking in legitimacy. 2020, thus, represents an important benchmark of whether African citizens (especially its increasingly active and networked youth), regional organizations, and international partners will tolerate efforts to erode democratic norms—or whether a renewed effort to uphold certain standards will gain traction. President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (Photo: Koch / MSC). Niger faced 78 violent attacks and 271 fatalities involving such groups in 2019—a three-fold increase from the previous year. Meanwhile, Nkurunziza has been given the titles of “Eternal Supreme Guide” and “Paramount Leader” in legislation approved in January 2020. Less than nine months since rebel groups in Central African Republic signed a peace deal with the government, violence is once again on the rise in the countryside and opposition to the agreement is building ahead of next year’s presidential elections. President; Tajikstan President 2020; Tajikstan Parliament 2020; Tajikistan Referendum 2016; Tajikistan Assembly of Representatives 2015; Search . Many officers who refused to participate in the crackdown have also fled the country or joined armed opposition groups. Preparations have already begun, but progress is still threatened by a lack of resources, reducing the confidence of the political class. In this fraught climate, a controversial 2018 referendum extended presidential terms from 5 to 7 years and opened the door for Nkurunziza to run for a fourth term in 2020 and a fifth term in 2027. A graduate of the International Insurance Institute of Yaoundé (IIA) Ziguelé is an insurance expert. The process of democratic consolidation is a long one.… Progress cannot be taken for granted, lest previous gains be lost. In his effort to build an inclusive government that can bring peace, Touadéra negotiated a peace agreement in February 2019 that granted rebel leaders 13 ministerial positions and introduced Mixed Special Security Units (USMS) pairing government and rebel security forces. Somalia needs to pass a new constitution, register voters, fund the polls, and create a legal framework on how to handle relations between Mogadishu and the FMS. Assembly: Central African Republic has a unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale) with 105 seats. Central African Republic Court Rejects Ex-President Bozize's Candidacy By Reuters , Wire Service Content Dec. 3, 2020 By Reuters , Wire Service Content Dec. 3, 2020, at 8:16 a.m. The law would also require the elected president to nominate a prime minister from the party that wins the most seats in Parliament. Since then, demonstrations have continued in the tens of thousands. This cannot be taken for granted, however. People in the violence-hit Central African Republic vote in the second round of presidential elections. Tensions are building ahead of presidential and legislative elections this month in Central African Republic, amid friction between rival candidates and increasing violence by armed groups that still control much of the country despite a peace agreement signed almost two years ago.. With a still weak security sector, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) continues to be an indispensable actor in providing security in the urban areas. This arrangement, moreover, is expected to further ensure the separation of responsibilities between the oversight and the implementation tasks of the Electoral Commission. The Central African Republic announced that the next presidential election will be held on Sunday, December 27, 2020. Tensions are building ahead of presidential and legislative elections this month in Central African Republic, amid friction between rival candidates and increasing violence by armed groups that still control much of the country despite a peace agreement signed almost two years ago.. These countries face crises sparked from previous exclusive power structures, militant Islamist insurgencies, and the challenges of building inclusive national visions from polarized polities. As at 01 October 2019, the procurement process for voter registration material, which usually takes three months, had not started, owing to lack of resources. var script = document.createElement("script"); Underscoring the stakes at play, a majority of African elections in 2020 will be held in countries confronting or emerging from conflict, including Burkina Faso, Burundi, the Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Niger, and Somalia. The Seychelles is expected to continue to fill this role regardless of which candidate wins the presidency. Why does it matter? More than 350,000 refugees and internally displaced persons returned to their homes between January and September. Insurance expert runs for the 2020 Central African Republic presidential election Martin Ziguelé, 63 years old, is running for the 2020 Central African Republic presidential election planned for 27 December 2020. Bozize planned to run against President … Since President John Magufuli came into office in 2015, democratic space has diminished more rapidly in Tanzania than in virtually any other African country. The Government and partners continue to stress that strong support by MINUSCA is e ssential throughout the electoral process, given the limited capacity of national counterparts and the significant technical, logistical, operational and security challenges. Central African Republic President Touadera Announces Second Term Bid By Reuters , Wire Service Content Sept. 26, 2020 By Reuters , Wire Service Content Sept. 26, 2020, at 2:06 p.m. However, the 78-year-old Ouattara has claimed that a new constitution adopted in 2016 has reset the term-limit clock and that he may indeed run for a third term. Ouattara’s interest in extending his time in power may be, in part, to fend off an alliance between former presidents Henri Konan Bédié, 81, and Laurent Gbagbo, 75, representing the pre-Ouattara political order, which is preparing to compete for the presidency in 2020. In January 2019, Alain Lobognan, a parliamentarian close to Soro, was arrested and sentenced to a year in jail and fined about $520 for posting a “fake news tweet.”. The headline of Togo’s presidential elections is President Faure Gnassingbé’s efforts to stay in power for a fourth term—and extending the hold his family has had on the presidency since 1967. They showed unprecedented levels of organization and resiliency in coordinating the protests that led to the reinstatement of term limits. An increased security presence is likely at any election-related event. In a televised New Year’s Eve address, Russia’s then-ambassador to Guinea, Alexander Bregadze, condoned the constitutional change telling Guineans that they would be “mad” to allow the “legendary” Condé to step down. A woman voting in the 2016 Ghana election. Rather than paving the way for a peaceful transition, however, Condé has advanced a constitutional referendum to be held March 22 that proposes an amendment to extend presidential terms from 5 years to 6. To the extent that these gain traction, parties and political actors will have incentives to advance unifying themes. Lazarus Chakwera of the Malawi Congress Party (MCP) garnered 35.4 percent, and Vice President and leader of the United Transformation Movement Party (UTM) Saulos Chilima came in third with 20.2 percent. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 but lasted only a decade. The CNDD-FDD, however, has picked its Secretary General and hardline Interior Minister, General Evariste Ndayishimiye, to contest the upcoming elections. If necessary, a runoff vote will take place on Sunday, February 14, 2021. As with any transition, before new norms and institutions can be established, the example set by leaders will be enormously influential. Recent years have also seen increased pressure on civil society and the media. The government and … President Faustin-Archange Touadéra launched the first special mixed security unit authorized under the Agreement in the north-west on 16 October, he reported, noting that additional units are planned in the north-east and south-west. With high levels of popular discontent over the lack of political freedom and Togo’s economic malaise, there is a groundswell of support for a long-delayed transition to democracy. The country’s lawmakers last year oka… Intimidation from Burundi’s police and youth militia, the Imbonerakure, who act in support of the ruling CNDD-FDD party, continue to characterize the political environment. The ongoing popularity of these former leaders reveals that ethnic and religious divisions in Côte d’Ivoire remain potent. President Touadera with Russian President Vladimir Putin. While there are 12 registered political parties, the race is anticipated to come down to incumbent President Danny Faure of the United Seychelles party, who is seeking a second term, and Wavel Ramkalawan of the Linyon Demokratik Seselwa party, which controls a majority in the National Assembly. This is likely to be highly divisive and potentially explosive. Faustin Archange Touadera, a former math professor and rank outsider in Central African Republic's presidential elections, has won a run-off vote to lead the war-torn country. Mahama won when the two ran against each other in 2012. Will political parties pursue their appeals through designated legal channels? Bozizé planned to run against President Faustin-Archange Touadéra. Togo’s notoriously fragmented opposition parties, supported by an energized diaspora, have been increasingly adamant in demanding an end to Togo’s dynastic rule and a transition to democracy. Likewise, the second and third runners-up from the May 2019 election, Chakwera and Chilima will run against the DPP-UDF alliance. The former leaders’ parties organized a major joint rally in Abidjan in August 2019 despite their lack of common ground. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC Issue dated 13/07/2020 Ex-president Catherine Samba-Panza eyes return to top job Catherine Samba-Panza, who served as interim president of the Central African Republic during the transition that followed the coup of 2013, will soon be announcing that she will run for president in December 2020. In short, as Magufuli seeks a second term in 2020, the key concern will be less about the policies and visions of the respective parties than whether the exercise will be sufficiently credible to be considered an election at all. These tensions were evident in violent mutinies in 2016 and 2017. President Alassane Ouattara, who has led the country’s post-war rejuvenation, completes his second term in 2020. The Electoral Commission has earned a reputation as a credible and independent body, which has helped the competing parties accept the results as valid while reinforcing the legitimacy of the outcome. The bishops of the Central African Republic have called on citizens and on the government to work towards socio-political change amid the ongoing Covid-19 crisis and preparations for the country’s presidential elections, set for 27 December 2020. This distrust is exacerbated by the fact that Somalia has no truly independent electoral commission, allowing the national government wide latitude to control the process. In the past, the regional body has been a leading force in upholding democratic norms in the region (most recently by facilitating the departure of Yahya Jammeh after he was defeated at the ballot box in 2017), greatly elevating ECOWAS’s reputation. It was declared consistent with the Constitution on 14 August following the revocation of certain articles, including one requiring Government members to resign from their posts to be eligible to contest legislative seats. In the Central African Republic, the smooth conduct of the December 2020 elections will be essential for the country's stability. The former ruling Kwa Na Kwa party held its third convention from 12 to 18 August 2019, during which it announced its departure from the presidential majority and intention to align with opposition political parties. The rerun of Malawi’s presidential election will take place on June 23 following the historic ruling by Malawi’s Constitutional Court overturning last year’s presidential election results. The campaign for the first round of the presidential and legislative elections officially opened on Saturday in the Central African Republic, a country in civil war for more than seven years, where the outgoing Faustin-Archange Touadéra appears as the favorite. Moreover, political space for opposition groups and media has expanded under Touadéra. In mid-December 2019 former Central African Republic president Francois Bozizé returned to the country after more than six years in exile. Central Africa president, Touadera, announces candidacy for December election. Given its long, celebrated history of shared culture, traditions, and civilization, Ethiopia is starting this transition from a stronger foundation than many other African countries. The Central African Republic has been in turmoil since a violent takeover of power in 2013. Delays in voter registration would result in the entire electoral calendar slipping. Both groups had signed the 6 February peace agreement and the head of the MLCJ, Gilbert Toumou Deya, is now a cabinet member in charge of relations with armed groups, according to the agreement. Underscoring the stakes at play, a majority of African elections in 2020 will be held in countries confronting or emerging from conflict, including Burkina Faso, Burundi, the Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Niger, and Somalia. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); 04-01-2020 18:22:44 ZULU. Hundreds of thousands have been displaced. The ineffective and at times heavy-handed response of security forces, which had not previously faced a serious security threat, has made leadership in the combating of militant groups an overriding concern for voters. The degree to which the African Union and international partners are willing to recognize such an outcome in Tanzania will, in turn, have implications for governance norms elsewhere on the continent. In short, the layers of complex challenges facing Somalia rightly temper expectations in the lead-up to the anticipated elections. President Touadéra promulgated the code on 20 August 2019. 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