The dry date seed contains 7.9% moisture, 5.2% protein,6.8% fat, 65.5% carbohydrates, 13.6% fiber, and 0.89% ash. The feather-like leaves, up to 6m (20ft) long, are comprise of a spiny petiole, a stout flexible midrib, with slender, grey-green or bluish-green leaflets 20-40cm (8 to 16in) long. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits from Iran. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Phoenix dactyliferaes una de las plantas de más antiguo cultivo en el mundo; hay registros de que ya se cultivaba en 4,000 a. C. y que se utilizó en la construcción de templos y casas de las culturas sumeria, acadia y babilónica. Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. The fatty acidcomposition of the seed oil is 8% lauric, 4% myristic, 25% palmitic, 10%stearic, 45% oleic, and 10% linoleic with some capric and caprylic a… Date fruits intake seems to reduce gestation duration and duration of the first stage of … During the past decade, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Algeria represented the main date producers. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. The exact origin of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is considered to be lost in Antiquity. Infected trees displaying symptoms of streak yellows and varied in the incidence and severity of yellowing. Single- or multiple-trunked, pinnate palm to 15-25 m (rarely 30 m) tall. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits from Iran. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (, Total phenolic content and total flavonoid, 2,2′-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt, gallic acid equivalents evaluated by the Folin–Ciocalteu method. Correlation analyses indicated that there was a linear relationship between AA and the TPC or TFC of DPF. It is mostly grown in a southern belt of the country. in Iran, Egypt, and Pakistan. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Organic Mazafati dates Varieties: Phoenix dactylifera COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Iran CERTIFICATION: EU Organic Certified by KIWA BCS STORAGE AND SHELF LIFE: Cool dry storage, 24 months with proper storage PACKAGING: Plastic bags in carton ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERISTICS: Flavor: Sweet, full of nectar, very delicious Aroma: Typical and characteristic … When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period (, …of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases.…. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. Phoenix dactylifera which is a multi-stemmed palm from which the suckers are usually removed to create single stemmed specimens. 2008;107(4):1636-41. Cheng CY, Su SY, Tang NY, Ho TY, Chiang SY, Hsieh CL. since it was used for the construction of the temple of the moon god near Ur in Southern Iraq - Mesopotamia (Popenoe, 1913; 1973). Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. - Family : Palm. Often called the edible date, it has few alternate names except in regional dialects. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. - Origin : Africa and the west China. The trunk is then given a “diamond cut” that gives it a beautiful look that doesn’t damage the palm. Kurma, (Arab: تمر‎, Tamr; nama latin Phoenix dactylifera) adalah tanaman palma dalam genus Phoenix, buahnya dapat dimakan.Walaupun tempat asalnya tidak diketahui karena telah sejak lama dibudidayakan, kemungkinan tanaman ini berasal dari tanah sekitar Teluk Persia.Pohonnya berukuran sedang dengan tinggi sekitar 15-25 m, tumbuh secara tunggal atau membentuk rumpun pada … The date is an erect palm to 30.5-36.5 m (100 to 120ft). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.10.033. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. - This variety is very appreiate and grown in Middle East, Mediterranean Sea..., countries : Egypt, Saudia Arabia, Iran, Irak , Jerusalem , Jordania, Marroco, Emirats.. - Can to arrive up 25 - 30 m high. 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