Roman Catholicism in Bolivia has its roots in the time when the Spanish conquered Latin America. After coming to power in 1936 3. Bolivia population density is 10.5 people per square kilometer (27.1/mi 2) as of December 2020. [14] The 2008 survey done by the Americas Barometer had 3.3% of participants indicating "no religion". It encompasses several forms or denominations which are extremely varied in structure, beliefs, relationship to state, clergy, and governance. Taoism encourages a principle of non-force, or wu-wei, as the means to live harmoniously with the Tao. Ecuador and Paraguay show losses due to inequality of 19.9 percent and 24.7 percent respectively. showed 12% of respondents answering "No". This is followed by Quechua, an indigenous language that is spoken by 21.2% of the population as a native language. Catholicism is comprised of 23 particular Churches, or Rites - one Western (Roman or Latin-Rite) and 22 Eastern. U.S. Bolivian Geography & Culture Nicknamed the Tibet of the Americas, landlocked Bolivia is the highest and most isolated country in the Americas. Except for a brief period during the 1870s, this pattern continued throughout the nineteenth century. Politics 10/22/2020. Pope Julius III created the La Plata bishopric in 1552; this was followed by those of La Paz and Santa Cruz early in the seventeenth century. Its key beliefs center on a transcendent creator God, Ahura Mazda, and the concept of free will. Issues Transportation Ranks P h o t o s. Read articles about travel to Bolivia. Religion affiliation in Bolivia as of 2018. Basic Groupings    The two primary branches of Islam are Sunni and Shia, which split from each other over a religio-political leadership dispute about the rightful successor to Muhammad. ), Hinduism is an extremely diverse set of beliefs and practices with no single founder or religious authority. Confucianism has strongly influenced the culture and beliefs of East Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Yet indigenous communities have nevertheless struggled historically to secure equality. Kirant: the belief system of the Kirat, a people who live mainly in the Himalayas of Nepal. [8] The first Baháʼí Local Spiritual Assembly, the local administrative unit of the religion, was elected in La Paz in 1945. Baha'i revelation contends the prophets of major world religions reflect some truth or element of the divine, believes all were manifestations of God given to specific communities in specific times, and that Baha'u'llah is an additional prophet meant to call all humankind. Roman Catholic is the only religious instruction that is being taught in Bolivia’s public schools. The country's bishops, organized into the Bolivian Bishops Conference (Conferencia Episcopal Boliviana), issued pastoral letters condemning the living conditions of peasants and workers. Lying along the Pacific Coast, Peru shares borders with Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador. Introduction History Geography Government Maps Leaders Population Flags Religion Economy Climate Energy Weather Data Military Communicatns Intl. Muslims believe Muhammad is the final of all religious prophets (beginning with Abraham) and that the Qu'ran, which is the Islamic scripture, was revealed to him by God. [10] The community elected an independent National Spiritual Assembly in 1961. It recognizes the Abu Bakr as the first caliph after Muhammad. In addition, the colonial church was an extremely wealthy institution. 1,000.. The vast majority of the population, 92.5%, of Bolivia identifies as Christian. Hindus may worship one or many deities, usually with prayer rituals within their own home. Despite these significant figures, most of these people don't practice regularly. They believe that a Kingdom of God, the Theocracy, will emerge following Armageddon and usher in a new earthly society. In the past Roman Catholicism was recognized as the state religion however that changed and Bolivia is now a secular state. Bolivia ranked #8 for primary education, duration > years amongst Catholic countries in 2012. The Free Encyclopedia. During the colonial era, most of the clergymen were of European origin. With elevations ranging from sea level to over 21,000 feet, the Bolivia landscape offers a mind-blowing array of complex ecosystems and stunning scenery. Bolivia Religion, Economy and Politics. Government Spending in Bolivia increased to 1366738.90 BOB Thousand in the second quarter of 2020 from 1291189.70 BOB Thousand in the first quarter of 2020. The number of individuals who practice each religion, by people group, are summed. [5], Christian groups have alleged that the government shows a preference toward indigenous religious groups and practices. A Sunni Muslim may elect to follow any one of these schools, as all are considered equally valid. Buddhism ascribes to a karmic system of rebirth. Religion was traditionally the domain of women. Today, though a minority, Zoroastrians remain primarily in Iran, India (where they are known as Parsi), and Pakistan. Buddhism focuses on the goal of spiritual enlightenment centered on an understanding of Gautama Buddha's Four Noble Truths on the nature of suffering, and on the Eightfold Path of spiritual and moral practice, to break the cycle of suffering of which we are a part. Indigenous rituals and fragments of Roman Catholic worship were interwoven in the elaborate fiestas that were the focus of social life. 59% of them are active, Atheist, None, Agnostic, nothing in particular, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 22:23. A deity like the virginal daughter of the Inca sun god was transmuted into the Virgin Mary. Bolivia Religions. Freed from direct government control, the Roman Catholic Church in the 1960s attempted to establish a more visible presence in Bolivian society. Other denominations represented in Bolivia include Mennonites and Anglicanism. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. It has three major regions: a narrow coastal belt, the wide Andean mountains and the Amazon Basin. It is primarily a form of polytheistic shamanism, but includes elements of animism and ancestor worship. This experience led to the formation in 1968 of Church and Society in Latin America-Bolivia (Iglesia y Sociedad en América Latina-Bolivia – ISAL-Bolivia). Employment Rate in Bolivia averaged 64.78 percent from 1999 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 71.10 percent in the third quarter of 2019 and a record low of 59.40 percent in the fourth quarter of 2000. Because these denominations tended to emphasize individual salvation and to deemphasize social and political issues, many leftists charged that they were agents of the United States government. Religious organizations not only owned extensive tracts of land but also served as quasi-official moneylenders to the landed elite and high-ranking officeholders. The political stance of ISAL-Bolivia and others engendered a sharp response from the bishops. Major Religions: Religion percentages are derived from summing Joshua Project's data for all people groups who live in each country. 1 BOB = 0.145128 USD. According to National Institute of Statistics in 2001 survey, approximately 78% of the populations are Roman Catholic, 19% are Protestant, 2.5% no religion and 0.5… Catholicism is often mixed with other folkloric beliefs that come from Incan and pre-Incan civilizations. While these groups have been unable to open bank accounts or hold property, the state has not otherwise interfered with their religious practice. Bahais are an open community, located worldwide, with the greatest concentration of believers in South Asia. Mahayana Buddhism, including subsets Zen and Tibetan (Lamaistic) Buddhism: Forms of Mahayana Buddhism are common in East Asia and Tibet, and parts of the West. Despite these significant figures, most of these people don't practice regularly. Bolivian Geography & Culture Nicknamed the Tibet of the Americas, landlocked Bolivia is the highest and most isolated country in the Americas. Try XE Money Transfer now. The absence of clergy in the rural areas fueled the development of an Andean folk-Catholicism among Indians. Hinduism has many scriptures; the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Bhagavad-Gita are among some of the most important. BOB Bolivian Bolíviano. Catholics believe the Pope is the divinely ordered head of the Church from a direct spiritual legacy of Jesus' apostle Peter. Approximately three-quarters (75.01%) of the population of Bolivia is able to speak Spanish, although only 60.7% of Bolivian citizens speak it as a native language. Photos, statistics and additional rankings of Bolivia. Many Indians, particularly in the cities, market towns, and new colonies, speak or understand Spanish. Unlike Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana schools maintain the Buddha-nature is present in all beings and all will ultimately achieve enlightenment. Religions: Roman Catholic 76.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 8.1%, Protestant 7.9%, other 1.7%, none 5.5% (2012 est.) Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Bolivia divided by total area of the country. The Catholic Church has a comprehensive theological and moral doctrine specified for believers in its catechism, which makes it unique among most forms of Christianity. Independence in 1825 brought some changes to Bolivian church-state relations, though the Roman Catholic Church retained its status as the nation's sole religion. Politics 10/09/2020. Size of Major Religious Groups, 2010; Religion: Percent: Christianity 31.4%: Islam 23.2%: Unaffiliated 16.4%: Hinduism 15.0%: Buddhism 7.1%: Folk Religions 5.6%: Other 1.0%: Pew Research Center: This is a list of religious populations by number of adherents and countries. Religion affiliation in Bolivia as of 2018, based on Latinobarómetro. Factbook > Countries > Bolivia > Demographics. So, what happened? The so-called miner priests – oblates assigned to parishes in mining communities – actively defended workers' rights. About 0.26% of the people of Bolivia are Buddhists. The relationship between church and state was mutual and intimate; each institution had great influence on the other's affairs. Many of the supernaturals were linked to a specific place, such as lake and mountain spirits. Secularism and atheism > Population considering religion unimportant: Percentage of … Because of the church's weak rural presence, the vast majority of Indians followed their own brand of folk-Catholicism far removed from orthodoxy. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the predominant religion in Bolivia, with Roman Catholics making up 76% of the population, and Protestants make up 17%. Shinto practitioners worship several particular kamis, including the kamis of nature, and families often have shrines to their ancestors' kamis. Catholics Population Percent Catholic Country Dioceses Diocesan Priests Religious Priests Total Priests Permanent Deacons Male Religious Female Religious Roman Catholicism in Bolivia has its roots in the time when the Spanish conquered Latin America. Figures may not add exactly due to rounding. The government accused the commission of promoting subversive propaganda and deported the organization's key personnel. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Voodoo/Vodun: a form of spirit and ancestor worship combined with some Christian faiths, especially Catholicism. The bishops had at their disposal approximately 750 priests, most of whom were foreigners. The Constitution of 1967 grants official status to the Roman Catholic Church but also guarantees the public exercise of all other religions. The percentage of people living in poverty fell from 59.9 percent in 2006 when Morales came to power to 34.6 percent in 2017, with extreme poverty more than halving from 38.28 percent to 15.2 percent over the same period, according to government figures. Orthodox Christianity: The oldest established eastern form of Christianity, the Holy Orthodox Church, has a ceremonial head in the Bishop of Constantinople (Istanbul), also known as a Patriarch, but its various regional forms (e.g., Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox) are autocephalous (independent of Constantinople's authority, and have their own Patriarchs). It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivision within Christianity and Islam. The number of individuals who practice each religion, by people group, are summed. Atheism: the belief that there are no deities of any kind. An examination of the 2016 electorate, based on validated voters. [6] In their response, the bishops endorsed the commission's human rights agenda but then suspended its operations for two years. Bolivia, country of west-central South America. Basic Groupings    Catholicism (or Roman Catholicism): This is the oldest established western Christian church and the world's largest single religious body. Bolivia has some of the highest levels of poverty in South America, and it also stands out as one of the most culturally diverse countries in the region with one of the highest percentages of indigenous people in Latin America – over 40 per cent of the population. In rural areas of the country, hostility by indigenous communities against Christian missionaries has been reported; in some cases, these incidents have included cases of "indigenous leaders hitting pastors".[5]. Shamanism: beliefs and practices promoting communication with the spiritual world. The clergy were largely of European origin. Definition: This entry is an ordered listing of religions by adherents starting with the largest group and sometimes includes the percent of total population. Christianity had its roots in the Spanish conquest; priests accompanied the first military expeditions. Protestant approx. This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/. Following the implementation the new constitution in 2009 Bolivia is now officially a secular state. Protestant Christianity: Protestant Christianity originated in the 16th century as an attempt to reform Roman Catholicism's practices, dogma, and theology. Variants    Ismaili faith: A sect of Shia Islam, its adherents are also known as "Seveners," because they believe that the rightful seventh Imam in Islamic leadership was Isma'il, the elder son of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq. In the past Roman Catholicism was recognized as the state religion however that changed and Bolivia is now a secular state. Kimbanguist: a puritan form of the Baptist denomination founded by Simon Kimbangu in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since the early 1950s there are Mennonites in Bolivia, mainly in Santa Cruz Department. Bolivia - Religions Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion and the constitution recognizes it as the official religion. The demographic characteristics of the population of Bolivia are known through censuses, with the first in 1826 and the most recent being in 2012. The Jewish population is about 500 members, making it one of the smallest Jewish communities in South America. For the first time in Bolivian history, indigenous people could hold their heads high and participate as equals in politics. The Quechua and Aymara pantheon was a mix of Christian and pre-conquest spirits and beings. Populations of less than 1,000 are shown as . Many protestant theologies emphasize the primary role of scripture in their faith, advocating individual interpretation of Christian texts without the mediation of a final religious authority such as the Roman Pope. [5], Some smaller churches in the evangelical Christian community have refused to register with the government, citing concerns for their privacy. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline . Fertility in Bolivia. note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower Bahamas, The Baptist 35.4%, Anglican 15.1%, Roman Catholic 13.5%, Pentecostal 8.1%, Church of God 4.8%, Methodist 4.2%, other Christian 15.2%, none or … Religious Beliefs In Bolivia Roman Catholic Christianity. The key ethical tenets of Zoroastrianism expressed in its scripture, the Avesta, are based on a dualistic worldview where one may prevent chaos if one chooses to serve God and exercises good thoughts, good words, and good deeds. PRIOR YEAR DATA: 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 … Several schools and sects of Buddhism exist, differing often on the nature of the Buddha, the extent to which enlightenment can be achieved - for one or for all, and by whom - religious orders or laity. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Bolivia’s economic freedom score is 42.8, making its economy the 175th freest in the 2020 Index. Prior to the spread of Islam, Zoroastrianism dominated greater Iran. No fees* Sign Up *Charges may occasionally … The bishops established development centers, research organizations, and commissions to address these problems. While there are extensive traditions of Jewish halakhic and theological discourse, there is no final dogmatic authority in the tradition. That same year the first Bolivian joined the religion. The goal of religious life is to learn to act so as to finally achieve liberation (moksha) of one's soul, escaping the rebirth cycle. Other variants on Protestant Christianity, including Pentecostal movements and independent churches, may lack one or more of these elements, and their leadership and beliefs are individualized and dynamic. 2005 Report on International Religious Freedom. About one-third of its territory is located in the high Andes Mountains, while about two-thirds are composed of tropical lowlands in the Amazon basin. Religion was traditionally the domain of women. 95%, with syncretism in indigenous communities. Respect for the kamis in nature is a key Shinto value. The few mestizos who joined the ranks were usually admitted as lay brothers rather than priests. In 1988 the government stated that numerous religious groups were operating in Bolivia illegally, but its attempt to expel some foreign members of the Hare Krishna movement in 1986 was overturned by the Supreme Court of Justice. Ismaili tradition awaits the return of the seventh Imam as the Mahdi, or Islamic messianic figure. In shaman-based religions, the shaman is also responsible for leading sacred rites. In May 1989, left-wing terrorists murdered two Mormon missionaries from the United States who had been working in a squatter community near La Paz. [4], The constitution of Bolivia establishes the freedom of religion and a separation between church and state. The total area of Bolivia is 1,098,580 km Based on Latinobarómetro. The Catholic Church has a history of close governmental control. By 1650, most of the locals in the central and northern areas of the country had been converted to Catholicism. The bishops followed up this pastoral letter by mediating negotiations in 1986 between the government and the Bolivian Labor Federation (Central Obrera Boliviana). Percentages are calculated from unrounded numbers. Adherents are required to evangelize and to follow a strict moral code. Freedom of religion is authorized by the Bolivian constitution. Bolivia has some of the highest levels of poverty in South America, and it also stands out as one of the most culturally diverse countries in the region with one of the highest percentages of indigenous people in Latin America – over 40 per cent of the population. [15] A later survey, from February 2010, published in the newspaper La Prensa, but performed only in the capitals of El Alto, La Paz, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, showed 5% of respondents professing to have no religion.[16]. The first parish was built in 1547 and a diocese in 1561. Rastafarian: an afro-centrist ideology and movement based on Christianity that arose in Jamaica in the 1930s; it believes that Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930-74, was the incarnation of the second coming of Jesus. The Trump-Biden presidential contest. "El Papa Francisco y la Religión en Chile y América Latina" Latinobarómetro 1995-2017. Men felt no obligation to attend church or to practice their religion. However, when the value is discounted for inequality, the HDI falls to 0.533, a loss of 24.2 percent due to inequality in the distribution of the HDI dimension indices. The core characteristics and beliefs of the world's major religions are described below. Ismailis are located in various parts of the world, particularly South Asia and the Levant. Islam derives from the word submission, and obedience to God is a primary theme in this religion. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide, and its distinguishing feature is its reverence for Ali as an infallible, divinely inspired leader, and as the first Imam of the Muslim community after Muhammad. 1 USD = 6.89049 BOB. Roughly 95 percent of Bolivians professed Roman Catholicism; nonetheless, a much smaller portion participated actively. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. The absence of clergy in the rural areas fueled the development of an Andean folk-Catholicism among Indians. A separate class of groups called "spiritual organizations", and which roughly corresponds to indigenous religious groups in Bolivia, is also required to register with the government and does so through a process that is similar to that used by religious organizations, although the registration fees for spiritual organizations are lower. Introduction History Geography Government Maps Leaders Population Flags Religion Economy Climate Energy Weather Data Military Communicatns Intl. Traditional beliefs     Animism: the belief that non-human entities contain souls or spirits. All schools are required to teach ethics courses which emphasize religious tolerance. Pope Julius III created the La Plata bishopric in 1552; this was followed by those of La Paz and Santa Cruz early in the seventeenth century. Orthodox churches are highly nationalist and ethnic. Hinduism - Originating in the Vedic civilization of India (second and first millennium B.C. It was not until the 1960’s that the separation of church and state actually occur… Jehovah's Witnesses structure their faith on the Christian Bible, but their rejection of the Trinity is distinct from mainstream Christianity. In a subsequent pastoral letter, the bishops stated that although priests had an obligation to promote needed social change, they could not identify with specific political parties or movements. According to a 2001 survey, about 78% of the population are Roman Catholic. The Orthodox Christian faith shares many theological tenets with the Roman Catholic Church, but diverges on some key premises and does not recognize the governing authority of the Pope. Almost 60% of the population is younger than 25 years. Pagan is a blanket term used to describe many unconnected belief practices throughout history, usually in reference to religions outside of the Abrahamic category (monotheistic faiths like Judaism, Christianity, and Islam). For example, the archdiocese of Sucre only had sixty-two priests to attend to the needs of an estimated 532,000 Catholics dispersed over 50,000 square kilometers. The church's organization, personnel, and role in society were all defined early in the colonial era. Attending religious sessions are not mandatory for students. Although the CEB recognized that the economic crisis of the early and mid-1980s required strong measures, it publicly questioned the wisdom of the stabilization policies adopted in 1985 by President Víctor Paz Estenssoro. Another 3.1% of the population reports practicing an indigenous religion and just over 4% report practicing either the Baha'i faith or are Agnostic. Buddhism - Religion or philosophy inspired by the 5th century B.C. Employing a Marxist analysis of society, ISAL-Bolivia endorsed socialism as the only means of achieving justice. Baha'i - Founded by Mirza Husayn-Ali (known as Baha'u'llah) in Iran in 1852, Baha'i faith emphasizes monotheism and believes in one eternal transcendent God. Their scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib - also known as the Adi Granth - is considered the living Guru, or final authority of Sikh faith and theology. Badimo: a form of ancestor worship of the Tswana people of Botswana. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Bolivia. The highest peak in Bolivia is Nevado Sajama at 21,463 feet, located in the department of Oruro. These actions permanently weakened the church as a political force. Christianity - Descending from Judaism, Christianity's central belief maintains Jesus of Nazareth is the promised messiah of the Hebrew Scriptures, and that his life, death, and resurrection are salvific for the world. See how Bolivia ranks in US News Best Countries. The main religion in Bolivia is Catholicism. [7] The first Baháʼí to arrive in Bolivia was in 1940 through the arrival of coordinated pioneers, people who chose to move for the growth of the religion, from the United States. Share. The majority religion of Bolivia is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 93.9% of all religious believers in the country. In 1961 the government relinquished its right under the patronato nacional (the successor to the patronato real) to mediate in church affairs. Endorsing the position adopted at the Latin American Bishops Conference in Puebla, Mexico, in 1979, the CEB suggested that Paz Estenssoro's New Economic Policy (Nueva Política Económica – NPE) would generate increasing levels of inequality in society. World War II and Postwar Governments: Following the humiliating defeat of the Chaco War, and in the midst of the global economic depression of the early 1930s, Bolivian governments looked inward in their efforts to promote economic development. The percentage of Bolivians who have identified themselves as members of Indigenous groups fell to 41 percent in the last census, in 2012, from 62 percent a decade earlier. Ethnicity Macheteros The ethnic composition of Bolivia is a mix of Hispanic and Amerindian peoples. Bolivia’s economic freedom score is 42.8, making its economy the 175th freest in the 2020 Index. Yet indigenous communities have nevertheless struggled historically to secure equality. The church hierarchy's caution was evident in its handling of the Bolivian Justice and Peace Commission. The clergy were largely of E… The oldest Protestant Christianities include Lutheranism, Calvinism (Presbyterians), and Anglican Christianity (Episcopalians), which have established liturgies, governing structure, and formal clergy. The National Institute of Statistics of Bolivia (INE) has performed this task since 1950. The constitution calls for a separation of church and state, and the people of Bolivia have religious freedom. Religion Percentage of Population Notes Catholic 70.0% 36% of Catholics are active Protestant (census term: Evangelical) 17.2% Pentecostal, Non-Catholic Charismatic, Lutherans, Methodists, others. Bolivia - Bolivia - Languages and religion: Spanish and 36 indigenous languages are official in Bolivia per the 2009 constitution. Shintoism - A native animist tradition of Japan, Shinto practice is based upon the premise that every being and object has its own spirit or kami. Issues Transportation Ranks P h o t o s. Read articles about travel to Bolivia. Prior to the end of World War II, Shinto was the state religion of Japan, and bolstered the cult of the Japanese emperor. A plethora of religious orders – Franciscans, Mercedarians, Dominicans, and Jesuits were the most prominent – joined diocesan priests in the colonial ministry. This number is divided by the country's total population to derive the religion's percentage. Adherents simultaneously worship Jesus Christ and Palauan goddesses. 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