For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 7, On the Altar of My Country Summary & Analysis. “This book challenges the conventional wisdom about the motives and mentalite of Civil War soldiers,” claims McPherson. Libraries)] -- Why did the conventional wisdom -- that soldiers become increasingly cynical and disillusioned as war progresses -- not hold true in the Civil War? Preface. List Price $12.99 USD. Overall, the soldiers and their respective sides fought for very similar reasons and motives. Overall, the soldiers and their respective sides fought for very similar reasons and motives. This “band of brothers” atmosphere motivated many to reenlist, even after years of hard fighting. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 8, The Cause of Liberty Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Reaction to the book was highly positive. Battle Cry of Freedom, McPherson's Pulitzer Prize-winning account of the Civil War, was a national bestseller that Hugh Brogan, in The New York Times, called "history writing of the highest order." For Cause and Comrades deserves similar accolades, as McPherson's masterful prose and the soldiers' own words combine to create both an important book on an often-overlooked aspect of our bloody Civil War, and a powerfully moving account of the men who fought it. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 3 Summary & Analysis. James M. McPherson. The book was published by Oxford University Press in 1997 and covers the lives and ideals of American Civil War soldiers from both sides of the war. For Cause and Comrades Why Men Fought in the Civil War (Book) : McPherson, James M. : General John A. Wickham, commander of the famous 101st Airborne Division in the 1970s and subsequently Army Chief of Staff, once visited Antietam battlefield. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a 1997 nonfiction book by James M. McPherson. Christian teachings against killing proved difficult for many soldiers to reconcile with the brutality of war. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. Boosted by Lincoln’s reelection, Union morale held strong through the end of the war. Overall, McPherson sees a decided shift among Union soldiers from pragmatism (or even outright reluctance) to principle regarding slavery over the course of the war. Before battle, many of the Civil War soldiers feel anxious, as the title suggests, though they mean anxious as eager, instead of feeling anxiety. Get this from a library! Both Union and Confederate soldiers also expressed an unwavering conviction that God was on their side of the conflict. Drawing from a compilation of over 25,000 letters and 250 personal diaries, For Cause and Comrades tells the story of the American Civil War's soldiers through their own uncensored point of view.[1][2]. Both sides were also strongly influenced by duty, an important concept in Victorian America which was linked to contemporary views of masculinity. Your price $12.39 USD. Beyond initial patriotic fervor, both Union and Confederate soldiers saw themselves as enlisting to fight for liberty; as such, both sides saw themselves as fighting to preserve the legacy of the Founding Fathers. As one might expect, a much higher percentage of soldiers from slaveholding families than from nonslaveholding families expressed such a purpose: 33 percent, compared with 12 percent. For cause and comrades chapter summaries. For both sides, reverence for their revolutionary forebears was a major element of patriotism. Battle Cry of Freedom, McPherson's Pulitzer Prize-winning account of the Civil War, was a national bestseller that Hugh Brogan, in The New York Times, called 'history writing of the highest order.' In For Cause and Comrades, McPherson offers very balanced and researched approach to the Civil War, typically a very emotionally charged topic. "[7], The Choice Review lauded the book as well, saying "McPherson offers a persuasive and provocative account of why Civil War soldiers fought. This study guide includes the following sections: Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Characters, Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, and Topics for Discussion. Plot Summary. Drawing from a compilation of over 25,000 letters and 250 personal diaries, For Cause and Comrades tells the story of the American Civil War's soldiers through their own uncensored point of view. Even soldiers whose families did not own slaves sometimes spoke of fighting against the idea of racial equality. However, McPherson notes that in his sampling of letters, Confederates from slave-owning families were over-represented.[5]. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 6 Summary & Analysis. Since many regiments were made up of men from the same community, lifelong relationships—and fear of becoming known as a coward back home—helped reinforce a sense of brotherhood, which in turn heightened combat motivation. The Civil War has been called The Brothers’ War because of the way that families were sometimes forced to choose sides. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 7, On the Altar of My Country Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. He stated that although Union soldiers primarily fought to preserve the United States as a country, they fought to end slavery as well, stating that: While restoration of the Union was the main goal for which they fought, they became convinced that this goal was unattainable without striking against slavery. They took slavery for granted as one of the Southern 'rights' and institutions for which they fought, and did not feel compelled to discuss it. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. In every war, combat soldiers leave family and lovers to crawl through unspeakably mangled human flesh in mud and blood. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 8: The Cause of Liberty Summary & Analysis | LitCharts. NYTimes - For Cause and Comrades Why Men Fought in the Civil War Reviews in the NY Times tend to be lengthy and literary, tracking the book's creation through the development and writing process, with a look at what makes both book and author unique. From reading For Cause and Comrades, I learned about several motivations and reasons that soldiers from the North and the South fought in the Civil War. By early 1865, the battered Confederacy, desperate to fight on, even grudgingly admitted a limited number of black soldiers among their ranks. [8], For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War, "For cause and comrades: why men fought in the Civil War", "Bibliography, For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=For_Cause_and_Comrades&oldid=984405204, History books about the American Civil War, Pages incorrectly using the quote template, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 23:02. At the same time, however, the cultural emphasis on honor, and the associated dread of cowardice and disgrace, propelled many into combat. For cause and comrades : why men fought in the Civil War. Many soldiers wrote of a fatalistic sense of God controlling events on the battlefield, yet in its more optimistic expressions, this resignation—along with a pervasive belief in eternal life after death—seemed to embolden many soldiers to fight bravely. McPherson describes revenge rhetoric as “the dark underside” of morale and motivation. Slavery was less salient for most Confederate soldiers because it was not controversial. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves … James McPherson, Princeton University’s George Henry Davis 1886 Professor of American History Emeritus, is best known for his Pulitzer Prize-winning Battle Cry of Freedom, but also noteworthy is For Cause and Comrades, one of the most significant contributions to the study of Civil War soldiers in recent years. For Cause & Comrades: Why Men Fought In The Civil War, by James M. McPherson In this book, noted Civil War historian James McPherson provides a work that demonstrates the potential of statistical analysis in history and the combination of social and military history when handled skillfully by someone with a full respect for the texts and the people who wrote them. These letters were from different ranking soldiers and also from men that volunteered to fight the war and were not originally soldiers. For Cause and Comrades For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 5, Religion is What Makes Brave Soldiers Summary & Analysis James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Summary & Study Guide For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War by James M. McPherson Kindle Edition by BookRags (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. But McPherson disagrees with both theories. McPherson also examined the motivations behind Union soldiers and what drove them to fight for the United States in the war. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. xviii, 237 pp., illustrations, index. Keith Joyce Professor Riggs History 1114-99 – United States History to 1877 December 4th, 2011 For Cause and Comrades Book Summary I am forever richer for reading this book as I move forward in life. Drawing on some 25,000 letters and 250 diaries from 1,000 Yankee and Rebel soldiers, Pulitzer Prize—winning historian McPherson (Battle Cry of Freedom, 1989; Drawn with the Sword, 1996; etc.) Historian James McPherson has studied the writings of 1,076 soldiers, both Union and Confederate, in order to tell the story of why they fought—in their own words, whenever possible. James M. McPherson. "[7], For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War won the Lincoln Prize in 1998. LitCharts Teacher Editions. To a greater degree than in any other war, American Civil War soldiers’ letters and diaries provide ample evidence for their motivations to enlist in the war and to fight. This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. Detailed Summary & Analysis Preface Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 … Based on an extensive survey of soldier letters and diaries, McPherson’s study explores what … For Cause and Comrades For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in For Cause and Comrades, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Both sides were fighting for their views on slavery, how the states should govern laws, and how the economy should operate. Men also refused “softer” assignments or promotions if it meant transferring away from … For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson consists of mostly of soldiers’ diaries and letters home as to why the men were fighting the Civil War. Brotherhood in battle could also cause bickering, rivalries, and factionalism to dissolve as men fought side by side and also shared common sorrows. And remember, do NOT plagiarize!!! 1963. Print Word PDF. Book Review – For Cause and Comrades. For Cause and Comrades: Chapter 2. While early Union enlistees rarely spoke of slavery—except insofar as abolishing slavery would weaken the Confederacy—meeting Southern slaves, observing economic stagnation, and sheltering runaway slaves contributed to a growing anti-slavery principle among Northerners. For Cause and Comrades Introduction + Context. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Study Guide consists of approx. Teachers and parents! For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a book by the Pulitzer Prize–winning author James M. McPherson. This study guide includes the following sections: Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Characters, Objects/Places, Themes, Style, Quotes, and Topics for Discussion. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. Atran et al. McPherson’s sample included 25,000 letters and 249 diaries, all of them uncensored and unpublished. Instant downloads of all 1383 LitChart PDFs For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War. His writing style is eminently readable and his arguments convincing. The lesson could be generalized: soldiers with a cause won wars. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 6 Summary & Analysis Chapter 6 Summary: “A Band of Brothers” Continuing to look for reasons Civil War soldiers stayed in the war, McPherson further analyzes the concept of honor. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War - Chapter 5, Religion is What Makes Brave Soldiers Summary & Analysis. A lesser writer might blithely report what Union soldiers "thought" as though the northern army represented an undifferentiated mass. At the onset of the war, most Northern soldiers fight for the restoration of the Union. 34 pages of summaries and analysis on For Cause and Comrades by James M. McPherson. Next. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. From reading For Cause and Comrades, I learned about several motivations and reasons that soldiers from the North and the South fought in the Civil War. The initial motivation the union and confederacy sustain throughout the story proves … Drawing on some 25,000 letters and 250 diaries from 1,000 Yankee and Rebel soldiers, Pulitzer Prize—winning historian McPherson (Battle Cry of Freedom, 1989; Drawn with the Sword, 1996; etc.) It is part of the genius of For Cause and Comrades that McPherson does not only argue that Civil War soldiers "knew what they were fighting for." The Victorian code of honor supplied a grimmer motive of revenge for many soldiers, especially among Confederates who often spoke viciously of Yankees, and for Unions in border states where Confederate guerillas were active. Ultimately, however, McPherson finds internal motivations to have been more powerfully sustaining. In For Cause and Comrades, James McPherson challenges the modernist arguments of his contemporaries that the experiences of Civil War soldiers paralleled the disillusionment and war-weariness of twentieth-century soldiers. Buy the eBook. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. In examining these documents, he considered three categories: initial motivation (why men enlisted), sustaining motivation (why they kept fighting), and combat motivation (what gave them courage to face danger on the battlefield). McPherson identifies both external and internal motivations that enabled soldiers to do this. Gazing at Bloody Lane where, in 1862, several Union assaults were brutally repulsed before they finally broke through, he marveled,You … examines what it was that kept these men engaged in a horribly bloody, and often mismanaged, conflict. … A summary is balanced with details on the book's writing style and themes. For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. A grunt's-eye account of the Civil War. A summary is balanced with details on the book's writing style and themes. This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. After several instances of visiting Civil War battlefields and finding himself unable to satisfactorily answer why so … For Cause and Comrades lets these soldiers tell their own stories in their own words to create an account that is both deeply moving and far truer than most books on war. For Cause and Comrades: An Analysis As long as man has had the ability to think for himself, there has been conflict and war. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." These letters were from different ranking soldiers and also from men that volunteered to fight the war and were not originally soldiers. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Our, “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. By 1864, resistance to black regiments was a minority position, and when Lincoln ran for reelection on a strongly abolitionist platform he won with 80 percent of the soldier vote. He says soldiers write often of courage, bravery, and valor, but, since the three words mean the same thing, McPherson says they are writing of the mark of honor (77). Outward means included training, discipline, and leadership. For Cause and Comrades Why Men Fought in the Civil War (Book) : McPherson, James M. : General John A. Wickham, commander of the famous 101st Airborne Division in the 1970s and subsequently Army Chief of Staff, once visited Antietam battlefield. McPherson states that the Confederates did not discuss the issue of slavery as often as Union soldiers did, because most Confederate soldiers readily accepted as an obvious fact that they were fighting to perpetuate slavery, and thus did not feel a need to debate over it: [O]nly 20 percent of the sample of 429 Southern soldiers explicitly voiced proslavery convictions in their letters or diaries. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. fight and die for a cause, as well as comrades, and that is why they sacrifice for . Add to cart Buy Now Add to Wishlist Remove from Wishlist. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War is a book by the Pulitzer Prize–winning author James M. McPherson. Edition Notes Includes bibliographical references (p. 189-232) and index. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Study Guide consists of approx. In the book, McPherson contrasts the views of the Confederates regarding slavery to that of the colonial-era American revolutionaries of the late 18th century. For Cause And Comrades Analysis. Ironically, the proportion of Union soldiers who wrote about the slavery question was greater, as the next chapter will show. 1864 was the most brutal year of fighting, and though soldier breakdown became more common, many—including early volunteers—remained ideologically committed or loyal to ideals of duty and honor, choosing to reenlist even during the war’s bloodiest phases. Chapter 1, This War is a Crusade Summary and Analysis McPherson opens with the question of why 13,000 Confederate soldiers gave their. Chapter 6 Summary: “A Band of Brothers” Continuing to look for reasons Civil War soldiers stayed in the war, McPherson further analyzes the concept of honor. [James M McPherson; Frank and Virginia Williams Collection of Lincolniana (Mississippi State University. He used 429 Confederate soldier’s letters or diaries and 647 Union soldier’s letters or diaries. Unquestionably, racist attitudes were common among Union soldiers, and many initially resisted Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation in 1862–1863, with some resenting a seeming shift in the war’s aims. For Cause and Comrades Chapter 1 Summary & Analysis. by James M. McPherson ‧ RELEASE DATE: March 1, 1997. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. For both Union and Confederate soldiers, letters from home provided a major morale boost for men who felt torn between obligation to family and patriotic duty. McPherson concludes his study by quoting an Ohio captain who, toward the war’s end, told his young son that he continued to fight “to secure for each and every American citizen of every race, the rights guaranteed […] in the Declaration of Independence.” He exhorted his young son to be worthy of that heritage, and McPherson says that contemporary Americans must constantly reexamine themselves, too, to ensure they are worthy of that same heritage. A grunt's-eye account of the Civil War. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Study Guide consists of approx. : For Cause and Comrade. He also shares sources claiming primary group cohesion is more important than any ideological concerns. McPherson has taught at Princeton since 1962 and written numerous books on the American Civil War, including Battle Cry of Freedom, which won the Pulitzer Prize in History. Continuing, McPherson also stated that of the hundreds of Confederate soldiers' letters he read, none of them contained any anti-slavery sentiment whatsoever: Although only 20 percent of the soldiers avowed explicit proslavery purposes in their letters and diaries, none at all dissented from that view. Struggling with distance learning? Summary & Study Guide For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War by James M. McPherson Kindle Edition by BookRags (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. There is a ready explanation for this apparent paradox. McPherson analyzes martial motivations leveraging French military historian, John A. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, Pp. Not looking for a For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War summary? The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Wars are waged by the rich and powerful, but fought by the poor masses who march, inexorably into the meat grinder. For Cause and Comrades: Why Men Fought in the Civil War Summary & Study Guide James M. McPherson This Study Guide consists of approximately 28 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of For Cause and Comrades. James McPherson used Union and Confederate letters and diaries as the basis of For Cause & Comrades. "[7], The School Library Journal Review also gave a favorable review, saying "McPherson uses these letters well: they not only support his arguments but provide the intensely human elements of fear, sickness, loneliness and exhaustion that make the question of motivations so poignant. [3] He stated that while the American colonists of the 1770s saw an incongruity with slave ownership and proclaiming to be fighting for liberty, the Confederates did not, as the Confederacy's overriding ideology of white supremacy negated any contradiction between the two: Unlike many slaveholders in the age of Thomas Jefferson, Confederate soldiers from slaveholding families expressed no feelings of embarrassment or inconsistency in fighting for their own liberty while holding other people in slavery. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”.