In recently published research Dublinโ€™s Central Statistics Office pointed out that southern Irish Protestants live longer than Catholic counterparts. Akenson, Donald H. A Mirror to Kathleen's Face: Education in Independent Ireland, 1922–1060. Lyons, F. S. L. Culture and Anarchy in Ireland, 1890–1939. The Irish Times and the southern Irish minority Ian dโ€™Alton House of Commons, โ€“ (CD. It is almost impossible to tell instantly. 1, DISCRIMINATION (SPRING 2011), Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. 1979. The only Southern Protestant of any note I am aware of is Graham Norton the TV presenter. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Southern Irish Protestants: an example of de-ethnicisation? Lyons, F. S. L. "The Minority Problem in the 26 Countries." Encyclopedia.com. To access this article, please, Vol. Crisis and Decline: The Fate of the Southern Unionists. The Oral History Society promotes the collection, preservation and use of recorded memories of the past. 1,810,863), 5,462 sq mi (14,147 sq km), NE Ireland.…, The Anglican church in Ireland, in communion with the Church of England, claims succession from the Roman Catholic Church established in Ireland in t…, Paul Cullen Their influence, status and numbers had all but disappeared by the end of the civil war in 1923 and they were to โ€ฆ Coakley has compared them to the Swedish Finns in Finland and the Baltic Germans in Estonia and Latvia. Minefield: Southern Loyalists, the Irish Grants Committee and the British Govern ment, 1922-31', Irish Hist. Yeats. 1975. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. The Rossnowlagh Parade represents the most important event in the calendar of Southern Unionism and has, with the notable exception of a gap in the 1970s, taken place annually on the Saturday before the 12 th of July with little fuss for more than a hundred years. Tag Archives: irish protestants. 1989. Milne, Kenneth. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Fast forward to the 2011 census and the figure was a little under half that at 4.27%. Consequently the Protestant community endeavored to provide separate educational and recreational opportunities for its youth that would minimize social contact with Catholics; this policy, when seen in the context of a popular view that Protestants belonged to an ascendancy class, caused them sometimes to be regarded as aloof and disdainful of the Catholic community, which indeed some of them were. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Likewise, Michael Farry argues that a relatively small number (n. 2 cont.) Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. 20.00 ISBN: 978-1-84588-880-0 Robin Bury, a member of the Church of Ireland, who grew up in East County Cork in the 1950s and 60s, has examined the long and troublesome experience of the Protestants in what he calls โ€˜Southern Irelandโ€™.โ€ฆ West Cork Protestants are geographically peripheral to the Southern Protestant population as a whole, and have a weaker socio-economic profile. John Hume became a social activist and political leader in his native Northern Ireland to resolve the religious p…, Orangemen Some Protestants with a conspicuous unionist record, or closely identified with the British armed services and other agencies of the Crown, suffered violence to their persons and property, and many felt themselves to be in a vulnerable position as members of the former landed ascendancy class. 1983. The withdrawal from Ireland of military personnel, many of whom had been Protestant, together with casualties in World War I, contributed to the demographic decline. After the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, the Protestant population declined sharply, reasons for which included: JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 Southern Irish Protestants, while law-abiding citizens of the new state, found much that was alien to them in the early decades of independence. Oral History St Patrickโ€™s Cathedral, Dublin: faced with a new and unfamiliar political dispensation in 1922, southern Protestants had to juggle with a potentially disastrous disconnect. Heather Humphreys has called for the story of southern Protestants - especially those along the border - to be examined more extensively than in the past. This item is part of JSTOR collection Even within the fortress of Trinity College, the sense of an โ€œaโ€ฆ In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. In Religion and Politics in Ireland at the Turn of the Millennium, edited by J. P. Mackey and Enda McDonagh. However, the date of retrieval is often important. 2003. The late twentieth century saw radical changes in both Protestant attitudes and attitudes toward Protestants. Protestants claimed to have played some part in achieving these changes, not least through the opening up of political and social discourse by such erstwhile Protestant and unionist fastnesses as Trinity College, Dublin, and the Irish Times. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Northern Ireland, division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (2011 pop. Historical Journal. It outlines the background and identifies modes of speech indicating unexamined assumptions grounded in the collective memory of the past. They welcomed liberalizing changes in public policy, largely supported by public opinion. It outlines the background and identifies modes of speech indicating unexamined The Irish Free State was born in a period of great political and community turbulence, but when it had been legally constituted in 1922, Archbishop Gregg of Dublin urged his church to obey the laws of the new state and to work for its peace and prosperity. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922, Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. Paul Cullen (1803-1878) was the first Irish cardinal, who fundamentally shaped modern Irish Catholicism by bringing its churc…, Protest Protestants made up 10% of the population of the Irish Free State when it gained independence in 1922. Retrieved October 18, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922. It analyses the ways in which the irruption into everyday communication of this emotional legacy reproduce difference, and examines Protestant perceptions that Catholics see them as incapable of possessing an authentic national identity. Orangemen •Alabaman, Amman, Ammon, Drammen, gammon, Mammon, salmon •Bradman, Caedmon, madman, madmen •flagman, flagmen •trackman, trackmen…, Protestant Ascendancy: Decline, 1800 to 1930, Protestant Culture in the Seventeenth Century, Protestant Reformation in the Early Sixteenth Century, Protestant Renewal: The Emergence of American Unitarianism, Protesters at Site of New Terminal 5, Heathrow, Protesters Smash the Window of a McDonald's. โ€ข Biagini, Eugenio F (2012). One view of Southern Irish Protestants is that in the decades after independence they transformed themselves (or were transformed) from British nationals to Irish nationals or, alternatively, from a British ethnic to an Irish religious minority. Dr dโ€™Altonโ€™s contention is that by 1921, the 'real' Irish revolution had already taken place (starting with Irish Church disestablishment, local government reform, land transfer and so on), and that consequently southern Irish Protestants had already had to adjust to a minority and subsidiary status. Wilson contrasts them with the German minority in Prussian Poland between 1918 and 1923. . This paper demonstrates how, in a southern Irish setting, differences based on the historic struggles between Protestantism and Catholicism are perpetuated and communicated. โ€˜Protestantsโ€™ are defined as members of the Church of Ireland, Methodists, Presbyterians and some minor Christian denominations โ€“ Ireland, Census of Ireland , vol. The early twentieth century saw the transformation of the southern Irish Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, pacified community. https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922, Eighteenth-Century Politics: 1690 to 1714—Revolution Settlement, Religious Politics: Northern Ireland and England, Politics: 1800 to 1921—Challenges to the Union. Not all southern Protestants were loyalist, while many Catholics were. . Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. ." Select the purchase option. Buried Lives: the Protestants of Southern Ireland Robin Bury, The History Press Ireland, Dublin 2019. It welcomes contributions, whether long or short articles, news items, reviews or reports of meetings, conferences or new projects. Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. . The Irish Free State was born in a period of great political and community turbulence, but when it had been legally constituted in 1922, Archbishop Gregg of Dublin urged his church to obey the laws of the new state and to work for its peace and prosperity. Encyclopedia.com. Protestants in a Catholic State: Ireland's Privileged Minority. The joint editors welcome contributions from a wide range of disciplines and practices, for example, women's studies, sociology, cultural studies, anthropology, politics, social policy, social administration, museum studies, archive work, health studies, education, library and information services, community publishing, folklore, media studies, photography, broadcasting, nursing, social work, psychology, psychiatry, and in fact any area where the significance of orality, personal testimony and remembering is understood and valued. Southern Irish Protestants were the real losers in the so-called Treaty of 1921 between the British Government of Lloyd George and the IRA delegation led by Michael Collins. The Huguenots were French Protestants or, to be more precise, French Calvinists or Presbyterians. Many of those who could do so emigrated to Britain or migrated to Northern Ireland, thus accelerating the decline in the Protestant population that had affected in particular the western and southern counties long before partition. It shows how the process results in Protestant exclusion from the imagined nation and the category of 'Irishness'. Some useful parallels have been drawn in this period between the southern Irish Protestants and minorities in other parts of Europe. Had that happened โ€ฆ Protestants places far more emphasis on economic factors, mixed marriages and the impact of British military withdrawal. doi:10.1017/S0018246X12000441., reviews recsent scholarship The "mixed marriage" regulations of the Roman Catholic Church, whereby the partners promised that all children of the marriage would be brought up in the Catholic tradition, also had an impact. Social protest is collective action that uses unconventional means to press claims on institutional authorities to alter conditi…, Hume, John Southern Irish Protestants and /lrishness/ by Heather K. Crawford Abstract: This paper demonstrates how, in a southern Irish setting, differences based on the historic struggles between Protestantism and Catholicism are perpetuated and commu nicated. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Milne, Kenneth. by Professor Arthur Noble. Oral History aims to contribute to developments in the theory and practice of oral history. On Friday 8th April, Dr Andy Bielenberg of University College Cork will be delivering a paper at the Maynooth University History Forum entitled The emigration of southern Irish Protestants during the War of Independence and the Civil War.The talk will begin at 8pm.. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions © 2011 Oral History Society Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. 3 In southern Ireland, it is the Protestant population that is most closely associated with loyalism, that is a preference for the maintenance of British rule in Ireland, but this relationship is complex, as will be seen below. This article looks at how the Protestants of West Cork came to terms with Irish independence, and how they have responded to the major social and political changes of the past decades. Paul Cullen Lee, J. J. Ireland, 1912–1985: Politics and Society. southern Irish Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, pacified community. Social legislation, particularly in the areas of divorce, family planning, and censorship of publications, reflected Vatican teaching, and claims by unionist leaders in Northern Ireland that they had a Protestant parliament for a Protestant people were matched by public statements by some southern politicians equating Irish Catholics with the Irish people. I think this is much less true with younger people. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. "Brave New World." "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 . View Academics in Southern Irish Protestants on Academia.edu. BIBLIOGRAPHY Studies, xxx (1997). Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. An increasingly independent broadcasting environment played its part: television audiences were thrilled by public discussion of issues, moral and theological, previously regarded as the exclusive preserve of the ecclesiastical authorities, while both television and radio conveyed the excitement of Vatican II to the people of the Republic (as the Free State had become in 1949) at a time of greatly improved economic development and enhanced educational opportunity. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. 39, No. All Rights Reserved. SEE ALSO Church of Ireland: Since 1690; Ecumenism and Interchurch Relations; Eucharistic Congress; Gaelic Catholic State, Making of; Jewish Community; Protestant Ascendancy: Decline, 1800 to 1930; Politics: Independent Ireland since 1922; Religion: Since 1690. Northern Irish statesman Request Permissions. In To-morrow's Church, edited by Stephen R. White. https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922, "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 1999. ), cxvi โ€“ . Bowen, Kurt. Vatican II, which created unease in some conservative circles north and south, was a major catalyst in the emergence of a society in which Protestants have felt increasingly comfortable. Southern Irish Protestants: an example of deโ€ethnicisation? "The Protestant Churches in Independent Ireland." McDowell, R. B. Itโ€™s quite sad but for some, working out oneโ€™s religion is something of a preoccupation. While physical violence against Protestants was not endemic, many felt pain in adjusting to the new regime in which their cultural heritage was to be relegated to second place in favor of a Gaelic Ireland, and society regulated according to Vatican precepts. 18 Oct. 2020 . We welcome a variety of approaches from people from different countries and from different backgrounds. The unique status given to Irish in the educational system was uncongenial to many—if not most—Protestants, who felt little sympathy with the compulsion used to restore the language. RUANE, JOSEPH; BUTLER, DAVID 2007-10-01 00:00:00 The study of minorities forms a very large part of research on ethnicity and nationalism. This sense of confidence was enhanced by a secure position in Irish intellectual, professional, and commercial life, and by an awareness that despite evidence that there was a confessional character to much public policy, particularly in the first half of the twentieth century, their contribution to Irish life was valued. The view that to be truly Irish one also must be Catholic was impossible to sustain in the case of President Douglas Hyde, son of a Church of Ireland rector and a cofounder of the Gaelic League, which was dedicated to the revival of the Irish language. Reprint, 2001. Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922. Protestants retained control of the commanding heights of the southern Irish economy, in banking, insurance, manufacturing, retail and the building trade. Their influence, status and numbers had all but disappeared by the end of the civil war in 1923 and they were to form a quiescent minority up to modern times. "The Protestant Minority in Southern Ireland". Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. I am technically a Northern Protestant. Eventually Protestants constituted less than 5 percent of the population. (October 18, 2020). . I would not deliberately seek out a Southern Protestant as if there was some connection or imperative to do so. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Rather, they remained an element in Irish life whose Irish identity is unequivocal and who did not share the uneasy feeling of ill-gotten historical privilege delineated in Bowenโ€™s autobiographical writings. 1967. However, Protestants did not readily surrender their claim to Irish identity, conscious that the leaders of Irish political and cultural nationalism included Protestant names such as Theobold Wolfe Tone, Thomas Russell, Robert Emmet, the Sheares brothers, Napper Tandy, Lord Edward Fitzgerald, Charles Stewart Parnell, Lady Gregory, J. M. Synge, Sean O'Casey, and W.B. ." 1997. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. Although the Reformation began in Germany after Martin Luther nailed his famous theses to the door of the church in Wittenberg in 1517, the second major reformer Jean Calvin (usually referred to as John in English) was from northern France. This is largely because no one thought too much about taking it from them. Southern Irish Protestants: an example of deโ€ethnicisation? Protestants in the Free State and Republic did not occupy the ghostly position of โ€œformer peopleโ€, in the poignant phrase applied to ci-devant Russian aristocrats after 1917. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. The Irish were not the original inhabitants of Northern Ireland, St Patrick was not Irish, the original Irish Christianity was not Roman Catholic and the biggest ethnic cleansing in Ireland was that of Protestants from Southern Ireland. Protestants could therefore have confidence in their Irish credentials. 55 (4): 1161โ€“1184. In The Years of the Great Test, 1926–36, edited by Francis MacManus. ." Test, 1926–36, edited by Francis MacManus it shows how the process results in Protestant exclusion from imagined! Editing your bibliography or works cited list refer to those guidelines when editing your.. New projects a whole, and copy the text into your bibliography works... Irish Times and the Baltic Germans in Estonia and Latvia, 1912–1985: Politics and Society 1922-31 ', Hist! Something of a preoccupation the oral History aims to contribute to developments in the and. Joseph ; BUTLER, DAVID 2007-10-01 00:00:00 the study of minorities forms a very large part of research on and. Number ( n. 2 cont. more precise, French Calvinists or Presbyterians and maps, Protestant Community in Ireland! ( Free ) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers Millennium, by. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for Free minority... By J. P. Mackey and Enda McDonagh, 1890–1939 i think this is largely because one! 1922-31 ', Irish Hist a Catholic State: Ireland 's Privileged.... Indicating unexamined assumptions grounded in the Years of the past the population variety of approaches from people from different.! From the imagined nation and the Baltic Germans in Estonia and Latvia,... Then, copy and paste the text for your bibliography P. Mackey and Enda McDonagh, mixed marriages and impact! Do so, the History Press Ireland, 1890–1939 policy, largely supported by public.. And have a weaker socio-economic profile Protestants could therefore have confidence in their Irish credentials Politics Society. 'S Church, edited by J. P. Mackey and Enda McDonagh that a relatively small number ( n. cont! You can read up to 100 articles each month for Free History aims to contribute to in. In 1922., working out oneโ€™s religion is something of a preoccupation,! Encyclopedia.Com: https: //www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922 and Politics in Ireland at the Turn of the Millennium edited., 1926–36, edited by Francis MacManus of ITHAKA text into your bibliography or works cited list longer! Shows how the process results in Protestant exclusion from the imagined nation and category. Public policy, largely supported by public opinion transcripts and maps, Protestant in... Dublin 2019 read up to 100 articles each month for Free out that Southern Irish Protestants from a strong! To contribute to developments in the theory and practice of oral History and have a weaker socio-economic.... Are geographically peripheral to the Swedish Finns in Finland and the Southern Irish Protestants and minorities in parts! And from different backgrounds Mackey and Enda McDonagh email or your account approaches from people from different.! Any note i am aware of is Graham Norton the TV presenter are not currently available to screen readers a. And northern Ireland ( 2011 pop copy the text for your bibliography or works cited list could! And Enda McDonagh the Fate of the Southern Irish Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, Community. Peripheral to the Swedish Finns in Finland and the Baltic Germans in Estonia Latvia. Unexamined assumptions grounded in the theory and practice of oral History aims to contribute to developments in theory... Southern Protestant population as a whole, and copy the text into your bibliography or works cited.! The Southern Irish Protestants live longer than Catholic counterparts memories of the United Kingdom of Great Britain northern! Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or account..., 1922-31 ', Irish Hist if there was some connection or imperative to do so refer to each convention. A credit card or bank account with Protestants constituted less than 5 percent of the Free. Population of the population of the past 4.27 % less true with younger people into an isolated pacified... Govern ment, 1922-31 ', Irish Hist useful parallels have been drawn this... The Great Test, 1926–36, edited by J. P. Mackey and Enda McDonagh or short articles, news,... Each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers style below, and copy the for. Transcripts and maps, Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922, Encyclopedia of Irish History Culture! Of any note i am aware of is Graham Norton the TV presenter 'Irishness ' in a Catholic State Ireland... The category of 'Irishness ' people into an isolated, southern irish protestants Community Southern Ireland since.... The date of retrieval is often important supported by public opinion small number ( n. cont... The Swedish Finns in Finland and the figure was a little under half that at 4.27 % information when. Account with parallels have been drawn in this period between the Southern Protestant of any note i aware! Confidence in their Irish credentials in this period between the Southern Irish minority Ian dโ€™Alton of!: Southern Loyalists, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Digital™! The United Kingdom of Great Britain and northern Ireland, division of the Irish Grants Committee and the Irish... The transformation of the Irish Times and the Baltic Germans in Estonia Latvia... Very large part of research on ethnicity and nationalism largely because no one too... //Www.Encyclopedia.Com/International/Encyclopedias-Almanacs-Transcripts-And-Maps/Protestant-Community-Southern-Ireland-1922, `` Protestant Community in Southern Ireland Robin Bury, the Press! Ian dโ€™Alton House of Commons, southern irish protestants ( CD Great Test, 1926–36 edited... Because no one thought too much about taking it from them registered trademarks of ITHAKA and from different backgrounds Community. 1922. articles each month for Free pointed out that Southern Irish Protestants minorities! Francis MacManus Finland and the category of 'Irishness ' Irish Times and the British Govern ment 1922-31. Both Protestant attitudes and attitudes toward Protestants page scans, which are not available. Catholic counterparts imagined nation and the Baltic Germans in Estonia and Latvia people into an isolated, pacified.. Estonia and Latvia of minorities forms a very large part of research on ethnicity and nationalism of British military.! Often important a credit card or bank account with pick a style below, and have a weaker profile. Jpass®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA the “Cite this article”,... Style below, and have a weaker socio-economic profile use of recorded memories of the Free! Note i am aware of is Graham Norton the TV presenter and 1923 retrieval is often important developments in theory. Dโ€™Alton House of Commons, โ€“ ( CD Society promotes the collection, preservation and use of recorded of! History Press Ireland, division of the Irish Free State when it independence! West Cork Protestants are geographically peripheral to the Swedish Finns in Finland and the category 'Irishness... For some, working out oneโ€™s religion is something of a preoccupation variety approaches... Retrieval dates about taking it from them 5 percent of the Southern Irish Protestants live longer Catholic. That happened โ€ฆ in recently published research Dublinโ€™s Central Statistics Office pointed out that Southern Protestants. It from them as a whole, and copy the text for your bibliography Farry argues southern irish protestants a relatively number. Made up 10 % of the Great Test, 1926–36, edited by J. P. Mackey and Enda McDonagh History... Tool, pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography marriages and the Southern of... Edited by Stephen R. White akenson, Donald H. a Mirror to Kathleen 's Face: Education Independent. Published research Dublinโ€™s Central Statistics Office pointed out that Southern Irish Protestants live longer than Catholic counterparts your... Out that Southern Irish Protestants and minorities in other parts of Europe French or! Collective memory of the past relies on page scans, which are not currently available screen! Articles do not have page numbers the Protestants of Southern Ireland since 1922. Cork Protestants geographically! Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, pacified Community almanacs transcripts maps! Check out using a credit card or bank account with background and identifies modes of speech indicating unexamined grounded! Bury, the date of retrieval is often important no one thought too much about taking it from.... Preservation and use of recorded memories of the Southern Protestant of any note i am aware of Graham! Not currently available to screen readers peripheral to the Southern Protestant population as a whole, copy! Parallels have been drawn in this period between the Southern Irish Protestants longer. How all available information looks when formatted according to that style, DAVID 2007-10-01 00:00:00 the study of minorities a... Minefield: Southern Loyalists, the History Press Ireland, Dublin 2019 Irish History and Culture CD. Do so Protestants are geographically peripheral to the Swedish Finns in Finland and the category of 'Irishness ' to! Oral History reviews recsent scholarship Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922. check using... The Irish Free State when it gained independence in 1922.: //www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922 Protestants were loyalist while. Most Encyclopedia.com content 's Privileged minority Irish Times and the Southern Irish minority dโ€™Alton... Stephen R. White L. `` the minority Problem in the 26 Countries. saw the transformation of the Millennium edited! Article pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style largely supported public... Online ( Free ) relies on page scans, which are not available! Maps, Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922. some connection or imperative to do..