Veleslavínova 2a/1098, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic +420 221 427 000 Location. The public transport infrastructure consists of a heavily used Prague Integrated Transport (PID, Pražská integrovaná doprava) of Prague Metro (lines A, B, and C – its length is 65 km (40 mi) with 61 stations in total), Prague tram system, Prague buses, commuter S-trains, funiculars, and six ferries. Film festivals include the Febiofest, the One World Film Festival and Echoes of the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. Prague has one of the highest rates of public transport usage in the world,[107] with 1.2 billion passenger journeys per year. Prague History lesson", "Kolik věží má "stověžatá" Praha? [26], The legendary origins of Prague attribute its foundation to the 8th-century Czech duchess and prophetess Libuše and her husband, Přemysl, founder of the Přemyslid dynasty. The railway system links Prague with major European cities (which can be reached without transfers), including Berlin, Munich, Hamburg, Nurenberg and Dresden (Germany); Vienna, Graz and Linz (Austria); Warsaw and Cracow (Poland); Bratislava and Košice (Slovakia); Budapest (Hungary); Zürich (Switzerland); Split and Rijeka (Croatia, seasonal); Belgrade (Serbia, seasonal) and Moscow (Russia). Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. Prague also houses the administrative institutions of the Central Bohemian Region. We experience its massive castle, beloved statue-lined bridge, historic Jewish Quarter, and thrilling 20th-century history while enjoying its infectious love of music and perhaps the best beer in Europe. Hotels & Resorts Live city views of this Prague camera are really worth watching. Castles, there are several hundreds of castles, chateaus, and mansions in Czechia. [91] The second most expensive is Pařížská street. Prague (/prɑːɡ/; Czech: Praha [ˈpraɦa] (listen), German: Prag, Latin: Praga, Hebrew: פראג‎, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 13th largest city in the European Union[9] and the historical capital of Bohemia. It ranked just above Paris and well above the country as a whole, which achieved 80 per cent of the EU average. The majority (about 50,000 people) of the German population of Prague either fled or were expelled by the Beneš decrees in the aftermath of the war. Czech Republic; Prague; Property for sale in Prague 692 listings Subscribe to notifications. [16] Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and as of 2017, the city receives more than 8.5 million international visitors annually. [87], In 2005, Prague was deemed among the three best cities in Central and Eastern Europe according to The Economist's livability rankings. Several thousand Czechs were killed in four days of bloody street fighting, with many atrocities committed by both sides. The Hunger Wall, a substantial fortification wall south of Malá Strana and the Castle area, was built during a famine in the 1360s. One of these banners was captured by Swedish troops in Battle of Prague (1648), when they captured the western bank of the Vltava river and were repulsed from the eastern bank, they placed it in the Royal Military Museum in Stockholm; although this flag still exists, it is in very poor condition. Porizka, Lubomir; Hojda, Zdenek; and Pesek, Jirí. The city forms the hub of the Czech railway system, with services to all parts of the country and abroad. Prague's most famous cafes were favorite meeting places for intellectuals, writers, and artists, and they cultivated a culture at the turn of the 20th century that catapulted their reputations into the international sphere. Beer, the original Budweiser is made in the Czech Republic by the Budweiser Budvar Brewery, and home of Pilsner beer is the Czech city of Pilsen (Plzeň). Czech beer has a long history, with brewing taking place in Břevnov Monastery in 993. Other major cultural institutions are the Rudolfinum which is home to the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra and the Municipal House which is home to the Prague Symphony Orchestra. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque eras, Prague was the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and the main residence of several Holy Roman Emperors, most notably of Charles IV (r. It was rebuilt and named the Charles Bridge.[31]. Prague is approximately at the same latitude as Frankfurt, Germany;[61] Paris, France;[62] and Vancouver, Canada.[63]. Nearly the entire Jewish population of Prague (3,000 people) was murdered.[36][37]. Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. [112] A new interchange station for the bus in the direction of the airport is the station Nádraží Veleslavín. [43], In 1689, a great fire devastated Prague, but this spurred a renovation and a rebuilding of the city. Nights can be quite cool even in summer, though. All services (metro, tramways, city buses, funiculars and ferries) have a common ticketing system that operates on a proof-of-payment system. Conferences have attracted a number of prominent thinkers, Nobel laureates, former and acting politicians, business leaders and other individuals like: Frederik Willem de Klerk, Bill Clinton, Nicholas Winton, Oscar Arias Sánchez, Dalai Lama, Hans Küng, Shimon Peres and Madeleine Albright. With EarthCam's live streaming camera of Prague's city center, you can be a part of the beauty of the city. The earliest evidence indicates that a gonfalon with a municipal charge painted on it was used for Old Town as early as 1419. Around 400 vehicles are the modernized T3 class, which are typically operated coupled together in pairs. [19], Around the fifth and fourth century BC, a Celtic tribe appeared in the area, later establishing settlements including an oppidum in Závist, a present-day suburb of Prague, and naming the region of Bohemia, which means "home of the Boii people". [51] On 31 October 1967 students demonstrated at Strahov. The city's nine hills are situated on the bank of the Vltava River, offering very picturesque views, at the same time placing the city in the immediate danger of a flood. 52% cest připadá na MHD, cyklodopravu tvoří 0,4%", "Pražská MHD loni přepravila o 9,6 procent více cestujících. Prague is home to a number of well-known cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe. You could devote an entire day to exploring Prazsky hrad (Prague Castle), then refuel over a hearty dinner at a classic Czech tavern. During the Hussite Wars when the City of Prague was attacked by "Crusader" and mercenary forces, the city militia fought bravely under the Prague Banner. Prague is home to historical breweries Staropramen (Praha 5), U Fleků, U Medvídků, U Tří růží, Strahov Monastery Brewery (Praha 1) and Břevnov Monastery Brewery (Praha 6). Watched over by its iconic equestrian statue of St Wenceslas, Prague’s biggest square has been a gathering place during many of the great events of modern Czech history, including the declaration of the new Republic of Czechoslovakia in 1918, the Warsaw Pact invasion of 1968 and the Velvet Revolution of 1989. Since 24 November 1990, it is de facto again a statutory town, but has a specific status of the municipality and the region at the same time. The city has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theatres, galleries, cinemas and other historical exhibits. As of 2008[update], there were 13,000 researchers (out of 30,000 in the country, counted in full-time equivalents), representing a 3% share of Prague's economically active population. Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic and as such is the regular seat of its central authorities. The city has a rich architectural heritage that reflects both the uncertain currents of history in Bohemia and an urban life extending back more than 1,000 years. The city also hosts the Prague Writers' Festival, the Prague Folklore Days, Prague Advent Choral Meeting the Summer Shakespeare Festival,[80] the Prague Fringe Festival, the World Roma Festival, as well as the hundreds of Vernissages and fashion shows. In the following two centuries, Prague strengthened its role as a merchant city. [14] In 2019, the city was ranked as 69th most liveable city in the world by Mercer. Since this city militia flag was in use before 1477 and during the Hussite Wars, it is the oldest still preserved municipal flag of Bohemia. [71] However, in 2011, 64.8 per cent of the city's population self-identified themselves as Czechs, which is higher than the national average. In 1784, under Joseph II, the four municipalities of Malá Strana, Nové Město, Staré Město, and Hradčany were merged into a single entity. [73], Development of the Prague population since 1378:[74][75][76]. In the second half of the 17th century, Prague's population began to grow again. 2018", "Dvorak's Prague Festival 2019 at the Rudolfinum (Dvorak Hall) in Prague", "O SLAVNOSTECH, Letní shakespearovské slavnosti 2013, Agentura SCHOK, Praha", "Prague Studios Credits: Movies shot at Prague Studios", "Prague-is-sixth-most-developed-EU-region(GDP in 2016)", "Average monthly gross wage in hl. [4] The city has a temperate oceanic climate, with relatively warm summers and chilly winters. [32] This was the district of the German people, who had the right to administer the law autonomously, pursuant to Magdeburg rights. Since 1949, there has been a fundamental change in the administrative division. In 2002, Prague suffered from widespread floods that damaged buildings and its underground transport system. Prague is the major cultural, industrial and economic center of Czech Republic. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city. A first suburb, Karlín, was created in 1817, and twenty years later the population exceeded 100,000. Quintessential Prague restaurants, bars, and beyond. At this time Prague was a true European capital with highly developed industry. This was a prosperous period for the city: famous people living there in that age include the astronomers Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler, the painter Arcimboldo, the alchemists Edward Kelley and John Dee, the poet Elizabeth Jane Weston, and others. The other Warsaw Pact member countries, except Romania and Albania, reacted with the invasion of Czechoslovakia and the capital on 21 August 1968 by tanks, suppressing any attempt at reform. [66] The winters are relatively cold with average temperatures at about freezing point, and with very little sunshine. In the following three centuries, the Czech tribes built several fortified settlements in the area, most notably in the Šárka valley, Butovice and Levý Hradec. Attractively set in the Prague 1 district of … The bohemian allure and fairytale features of Prague make it a perfect destination for culture vultures who want to immerse themselves in history, art, music, and architecture. A railway connection to the airport is planned. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Here you will find information about Prague’s sights and other places of interest, a calendar of events, practical info, dining tips, and plenty of interesting articles. The third one is Velonet, operating less than 50 bikes in Prague 4. Many Indian films have also been filmed in the city including Yuvraaj, Drona and Rockstar. Some well-known multinational companies have established research and development facilities in Prague, among them Siemens, Honeywell, Oracle, Microsoft and Broadcom. Industry is present in sectors such as pharmaceuticals, printing, food processing, manufacture of transport equipment, computer technology and electrical engineering. In April 2015, construction finished to extend the green line A further into the northwest corner of Prague closer to the airport. On 9 July 1357 at 5:31 am, Charles IV personally laid the first foundation stone for the Charles Bridge. In March, a deliberate raid targeted military factories in Prague, killing about 370 people.[50]. Summers usually bring plenty of sunshine and the average high temperature of 24 °C (75 °F). Prague is divided into 10 municipal districts (1–10), 22 administrative districts (1–22), 57 municipal parts, or 112 cadastral areas. Since then, the boundaries of many urban districts, administrative districts and city districts are independent of the boundaries of cadastral territories and some cadastral territories are thus divided into administrative and self-governing parts of the city. Another view to the origin of name is also related to the Czech word práh (in the mean of a threshold) and a legendary etymology connects the name of the city with princess Libuše, prophetess and a wife of mythical founder of the Přemyslid dynasty. In the service sector, financial and commercial services, trade, restaurants, hospitality and public administration are the most significant. That means the beer here is immensely good and uniquely varied… sour beers, fruit beers, dark beers. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Jan Hus, a theologian and rector at the Charles University, preached in Prague. The Prague tram system now operates various types of trams, including the Tatra T3, newer Tatra KT8D5, T6A5, Škoda 14 T (designed by Porsche), newer modern Škoda 15 T and nostalgic tram lines 23 and 41. In 2017 Prague was listed as the fifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Rome and Istanbul.[17]. It hosts music festivals including the Prague Spring International Music Festival, the Prague Autumn International Music Festival, the Prague International Organ Festival, the Dvořák Prague International Music Festival,[79] and the Prague International Jazz Festival. Prague's economy accounts for 25% of the Czech GDP[82] making it the highest performing regional economy of the country. In 2018, 2% of people commute by bike in Prague, cycling is very common as a sport or recreation. (Inflation in Prague was 2.8% in 2Q/2019 as well as with 2.8% nationally. Many rich merchants and nobles enhanced the city with a host of palaces, churches and gardens full of art and music, creating a Baroque city renowned throughout the world to this day. [34] In 1347, he founded Charles University, which remains the oldest university in Central Europe. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. In 1526, the Bohemian estates elected Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg. Hollywood films set in Prague include Mission Impossible, xXx, Blade II, Children of Dune, Alien vs. Opoziční ANO a ODS ho nepodpořily | Aktuálně.cz", "Data z mobilů: Praha se denně nafoukne o polovinu, v centru jsou návštěvníci v převaze", "Praha by měla být metropole pro dva miliony lidí", "Počet obyvatel v obcích České republiky k 1.1.2013", "Pohyb obyvatelstva v hl. Prague was also once home to an important slave market. A mix of the charming, iconic, and modern. Many films have been made at Barrandov Studios and at Prague Studios. The city was also the setting for the film Dungeons and Dragons in 2000. The final station of the green line is Nemocnice Motol (Motol Hospital), giving people direct public transportation access to the largest medical facility in the Czech Republic and one of the largest in Europe. Prague is a political, cultural and economic centre of central Europe complete with a rich history. The words "PÁN BŮH POMOC NAŠE" (The Lord is our Relief) appeared above the coat-of-arms, with a Hussite chalice centred on the top. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences that define Prague. Ministries and other national offices (Industrial Property Office, Colloredo-Mansfeld Palace, with elements of High. The 4th Czechoslovak Writers' Congress held in the city in June 1967 took a strong position against the regime. It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Jewish district, called Josefov, was included only in 1850. The Industrial Revolution had a strong effect in Prague, as factories could take advantage of the coal mines and ironworks of the nearby region. Predator, Doom, Chronicles of Narnia, Hellboy, EuroTrip, Van Helsing, Red Tails, and Spider-Man: Far From Home. She is said to have ordered the city "to be built where a man hews a threshold of his house". The English spelling of the city's name is borrowed from French. We have reviews of the best places to see in Prague. During the Second World War, most Jews were deported and killed by the Germans. Spend some time wandering Old Town Square before heading over to the Astronomical Clock as it performs a mechinical promenade on the hour. It was the stretch between stations Kačerov and Florenc on the current line C. The first part of Line A was opened in 1978 (Dejvická – Náměstí Míru), the first part of line B in 1985 (Anděl – Florenc). However a month later, Frederick the Great was defeated and forced to retreat from Bohemia. Services are run by the Prague Public Transport Company (Dopravní podnik hl. The city offers approximately 73,000 beds in accommodation facilities, most of which were built after 1990, including almost 51,000 beds in hotels and boarding houses. The work is reputed to have been ordered by Charles IV as a means of providing employment and food to the workers and their families. Located in the Mala Strana in the heart of the city, the Infant Jesus … Details. The social order, however, became more turbulent due to the rising power of the craftsmen's guilds (themselves often torn by internal fights), and the increasing number of poor. Another airport in the proximity is Aero Vodochody aircraft factory to the north, used for testing purposes, as well as for aeroclub aviation. Prague’s best bars are often historic pubs where you can spend the better part of a night tipping back central Europe's top-shelf beers. Having become too dangerous for the political and religious establishment, Hus was summoned to the Council of Constance, put on trial for heresy, and burned at the stake in Constanz in 1415. The city of Prague maintains its own EU delegation in Brussels called Prague House. The Czech práh might thus be understood to refer to rapids or fords in the river, the edge of which could have acted as a means of fording the river – thus providing a "threshold" to the castle. A combination of architecture, low costs and the existing motion picture infrastructure have proven attractive to international film production companies. Each one has its own vibe. [90] In 2017, with the amount of rent €2,640 (CZK 67,480) per square meter per year, ranked on 22nd place among the most expensive streets in the world. 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