Some  are native to the U.S. and some are not, such as the very popular Kousa Dogwood which is native to Asia. To herbalists, however, it is distinguished for its bright and edible dogwood fruit, commonly referred to as Kousa berries, cornus fruit and asiatic cornelian cherry. Nov 12, 2016 - Kousa Dogwood Fruit Recipe | An Unusual Edible is an update to an article I wrote three weeks ago on Kousa Dogwood trees. To consume, the stem is removed, and the flesh is simply sucked from Cornus kousa (Chinese dogwood) has typical dogwood flowers, either pink or white, in summer. A small tree native to Korea and other parts of Asia, the dogwood is popular as an ornamental tree to most. These dogwood berries are not edible. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. The fruits of this species are edible and one of tastiest and prolific wild edibles that can be found in the landscape. It grows 3–26 feet (1–8 meters) high and produces edible fruit known as saskatoon berries. Can I plant the seeds to propagate the tree/shrub for wildlife forage? Thanks, ---Gema in Fredrick, MD We planted a dogwood tree in the front yard about five or six years ago and this is the first year I've seen fruit on it. The berries are very astringent and bitter. BERRIES - the berries of this species are black, but some dogwoods produce white berries. It is little used in modern herbalism. The fruits of this species are edible. Flowering dogwoods prefer part shade and are perfectly adjusted to the acidic soil of the northeast. In USDA zones 5 through 8, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) bears showy, pinkish-red fruits that resemble raspberries. In general, dogwood fruit astringes the essence. This tree has a completely different flower and fruit schedule then the flowering dogwood. Dogwood blossom wine is one I have not heard of before, I would imagine it is not all dogwood blossoms. Also known as northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood is a deciduous shrub that forms thickets as the underground rhizomes spread. The primary edible part of the Kousa Dogwood is its red berries which are usually produced in abundance in late summer. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. These purple berries are approximately 1/4–1 inch (5–15 mm) … Kousa dogwood(Cornus kousa) is another very popular ornamental dogwood. Thank you. This post covers Kousa Dogwood Fruit Recipe | An Unusual Edible. In addition, cornus also treats extreme shock. I am quite interested in the health benefits of Kousa berries: Anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-neoplastic. Kousa (KOO-sah) is the Japanese name for the tree, It is also called Benthamia kousa – (Miq.) I wont be able to get back to it until later in the week but I will report back. 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They can be used in moderation in sweet and sour recipes. Cornelian cherry dogwood trees frequently get covered in berries so  it is possible to use them in pies and jams. This species is native to Asia, there are a number of varieties with slightly different flower and fruit characteristics. Flowering Dogwood can be identified by their fruit clusters. You can eat the fruit of Cornus kousa - Korean Dogwood - Chinese Dogwood - Japanese Dogwood Thus, disorders in which the body excessively discharges bodily fluids are treated with dogwood fruit which astringes the essence. The taste is very good and unique for a temperate climate fruit. The Kousa Dogwood is a deciduous tree that survives well in USDA zones 5-8 and is self fertile. of Red It means that it binds the body and addresses disorders concerning body fluids in particular. You can buy a sapling HERE if you want to grow kousa dogwood yourself. The primary edible part of the Kousa Dogwood is its red berries which are usually produced in abundance in late summer. See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site. When ripe, the fruit is dark ruby red or a bright yellow. The taste is very good and unique for a temperate climate fruit . The fruits when ripe on the plant bear a resemblance to coffee berries, and ripen in mid- to late summer. Most species have attractive fall foliage in shades of burgundy, orange, and red. Kousa Dogwood berries are primarily eaten fresh, out-of-hand. They have a good taste but are very sour. The berries are often regarded as poisonous, but this is not strictly true. Even though the leaves and bark are very similar, distinguishing this tree from flowering dogwood is easy. These dogwood berries are not edible. I saw a study introducing this into treatment for small cell lung disease. Some reports say they are poisonous. Ovate leaf shape is one of the most common leaf shapes so dogwood leaves are not easily identified by their leaves. However, it is also helpful to other disorders of the body. Because of this, herbalists recommend the fruit to women with excessive uterine bleeding and extended menses. Recent studies show that the botanical iridoids cornus contains are a natural anti-inflammatory useful against diseases like inflammatory bowel syndrome, Alzheimer’s, arthritis, etc. Dogwood fruit is ideal for people with liver and kidney deficiencies. Kousa dogwood develops colorful, peeling bark in shades of tans and browns which lend great character to the tree. This tree is not used nearly as often as the other species mentioned above, but it still has some interesting potential in the landscape. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to The red berries grow in clusters and mature into the fall. The Kousa fruit treats symptoms of weak kidney such as dizziness, body pain, and impotence. The primary edible part of the Kousa Dogwood is its red berries which are usually produced in abundance in late summer. Identification – Flowering dogwood leaf / fruit clusters It is in flower in July. Mature trees can grow to 10m. Thank you. If you have access to the fruit, could you try eating them raw and let us know what it tastes like? Nakai, and A small tree native to Korea and other parts of Asia, the dogwood is popular as an ornamental tree to most. Required fields are marked *, Dogwood Tree – Beautiful Flowers, Unique Fruits. Dogwood species seem to be pretty different in terms of edibility and fruit characteristics. Find out about the different kinds of dogwood trees in this article so you can choose the best one So, if we could get the word out, lots of folks might benefit. You can buy flowering dogwood saplings HERE. The taste is very good and unique for a temperate climate fruit. Your pet is likely to vomit or suffer from diarrhea due to this GI irritation. The skin is edible but is often discarded due to its unpleasant, grainy texture and bitter taste. It is called shanzhuyu in pinyin Chinese. They’re a great candidate for mixing with . Edible Uses of Red Osier Dogwood The berries and stones are edible raw, dried or cooked, but they are sour and bitter. That leads me to believe that there is no reason why the blossoms would be any different. Eating poison ivy – does it make you immune? Dogwood berries are in toxicity class III category, meaning, they are slightly toxic for dogs and cats. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), dogwood fruit is associated with improving kidney and liver health. It's cluster of red berries situated above distinct shaped leaves with The bark and the fruits. I always said it tastes like a cross between a mango and pumpkin. People who experience leakage of fluids and excessive sweating may also take dogwood fruit. Kousa dogwood fruit – edible and quite delicious! I have seen these 3 benefits mentioned in actual medical research. 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Shock occurs when qi, the life force of the body, diminishes. This Genus consists of 30-60 mostly woody plants some of which grow into small trees. Are they edible? Dogwoods are among the most beautiful trees found in American landscapes, but not all types are suitable for the garden. These berries are also beneficial for cardio/renal issues. Please check back soon as I’m researching more health benefits of cornus berries and one of them is weight loss. In large quantities, they can induce vomiting and diarrhea, and their larger seeds may cause intestinal blockage in … Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Are the berries of the Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood) edible for humans? Although reasonably hardy, the dogwood can come with its problems. Frozen fruits just come out dark and mushy, but if you really need to freeze them you can, knowing that the texture will be greatly compromised upon thawing. I always said it tastes like a cross between a mango and pumpkin. This is one of my favorite Trees, you can buy saplings on amazon to grow them on your own property. The fruits are about the size of a strawberry but round. I am a believer. These are red fruit clusters with elongated fruits. The dogwood is known to make stiff skewers and dogwood is from Dag where we also get the word dagger. Kousa Dogwood can be identified by 2 primary factors. It’s interesting in this video that the guy picks from the fruit from a tree in New York City’s Central Park since the Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa trees are natively Asiatic. Dogwoods all have berries but not all are edible. Dogwood fruit restores energy and astringes the body in the event of qi collapse. The dogwood berries are edible though not tasty to us but enjoyed by birds and squirrels. Although the taste doesn't rival that of its lookalike, the berries are edible. It has It’s always promising to find an healthy all-natural holistic alternative to anti-inflammatory drugs. And are ALL dogwood blossoms appropriate for this? The kousa dogwood berries are unique in size and shape. As a tonic, the Japanese cornel fruit energizes the body and acts as a stabilizer for body fluids. Suzanne Richardson, [email protected]. Kousa dogwood are planted because of their small size and relatively good pest resistance. I happen love sour fruits so they are one of my favorites. 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Historically, it was a commonly used herb in the East as a mild but invigorating tonic. For the treatment of blood disorders it can be used in conjunction with other herbs like safflower, Raw Astragalus, dodder seed, radix Rehmannia, Poria, Epimedium, earthworm, Angelica, zedoary white turmeric, and Schisandra. Discovered a tree locally here in Ireland . However, not all dogwoods are the same. Cornus Amomum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. It is one of my favorite unique edible plants. Lemongrass: When life gives you lemongrass make tea! Would like to at some point donate to your cause. The outer skin on the berry somewhat resembles lychee fruit. It is in flower from May to June. Learn how to recognize & use them. They are a single dark red smooth berry when ripe in summer. Flowering Dogwood(Cornus florida) has very showy flowers in early spring. Both pink and white flowered dogwood are very common. No doubt it would, Bill. They are red berries formed into an approx, 1″ diameter fruit, this is technically an aggregate fruit but looks like a single large berry. Therefore it’s important to know which dogwood you have. The red berries grow in clusters and mature into the fall. The Cornus Kousa (Benthamidia kousa) also known as Kousa Dogwood, Japanese Dogwood and Chinese Dogwood, is native to Japan, Korea, and China arriving in the United States around 1875. Another significant nutrition benefit of the dogwood fruit is its ability to bind the essence. The fruit is edible, as used in Eastern Europe, UK, and British Columbia, Canada, but the unripe fruit is astringent. Kousa dogwood ("Cornus kousa") produces delightful fruits in the early fall. The thin bark is easily damaged, and … Since the berries and leaves on this tree are not distinctive enough compared to other plants in the landscape it’s recommended that if you believe you are looking at a cornelian cherry dogwood then you should compare that plant directly to an identification guide. I wonder which species is being referenced there. Your email address will not be published. Dogwood berries can be bright red, white, dark blue, or even a combination of dark blue and white, as with the silky dogwood. Technically the showy part of the dogwood flower is not a flower petal but a modified leaf called a bract. Three weeks ago I wrote an article called cornus-kousa-benthamidia-kousa-kousa-dogwood . In instances of excessive bleeding, dogwood fruit is also effective. It’s native to Japan, Korea, and China, and produces an edible fruit in late summer. Dogwood trees are trees in the Genus: Cornus. The berries are very astringent and bitter. The Dogwood tree is an extremely common ornamental plant, dogwood trees offer beautiful flowers and unique fruits. The primary edible part of the Kousa Dogwood is its red berries which are usually produced in abundance in late summer. This species is cultivated very frequently and different varieties have been developed. They get flowers in the spring and fruits in late summer and early fall. This species is native to the eastern United States, It grows well in woodlands as well as landscapes. Some reports say they are poisonous. these are simple leaves with an ovate shape and visible leave veins. This tree is native to Eurasia but grows very well in the eastern U.S. One of the most fascinating features of this plant is it’s early flowering period. There is one large seed in the middle of each berry but you still get a significant amount from each fruit . It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. How do you prepare them, would a jam give medicinal benefits? Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhoea, fevers, skin problems etc. Cornelian cherry dogwood flowers and fruits much earlier. This plant flowers very early, sometimes before forsythia, it also has small yellow flowers not unlike forsythia. I always said it tastes like a cross between a mango and pumpkin. Dogwood berries keep well in re-used commercial berry containers in the refrigerator for one to two weeks. The berries are edible raw, I find them to be like a potato in texture with a mildy sweet taste, but but you can also use them to make jams and jellies. Dogwood trees do not get very tall and are ideal for landscape plantings where small trees are desired. as mentioned above the fruit is not edible. Cornus sericea is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Black Elderberry (sambucus nigra) shrubs are pretty distinctive, but if you are not paying close attention to what you are seeing, mistaking other plants for them is not impossible. Chinese traditional medicine believes that disproportionate discharge of body fluids is a result of a non-stabilized constitution. The flowers of Cornus florida are usually white but pink flowered varieties have been developed. Your email address will not be published. The fruit of Kousa dogwoods is often called a berry, but it’s technically an aggregate fruit that somewhat resembles a raspberry, although it’s much larger. 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Other names for the tree include Japanese cornelian cherry, Korean dogwood, Chinese dogwood, strawberry dog wood tree, and kousa dogwood. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. The fruits are … Part of the trick to harvesting kousa dogwood berries is choosing berries at the right stage. Cornelian cherry dogwood(Cornus mas) is another dogwood tree that is commonly sold as a landscape tree. So at any point throughout the year except for winter you should be able to see flowers or fruits or expect to see them depending on which tree your looking at. The red berries grow in clusters and mature into the fall. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Flowering Dogwood(Cornus florida) is one of the two most common ornamental species of dogwood tree, the other is Kousa Dogwood. I read in _How to Live on Nothing_, by Joan Ranson Shortney, regarding a recipe for Dandelion Wine (p. 34), “You can follow this same recipe with other flowers, particularly dogwood blossoms, which are said to make one of the best wines.” Has anyone ever tried making dogwood blossom wine? This article will discuss a few of the most common dogwood tree species and how to identify them by flowers or fruits and weather the fruits of that species are edible. Some dogwood trees have edible fruit and some have poisonous fruit. I also have stage II kidney disease. I will indeed Kurt. Some reports say they are poisonous. All Dogwood trees have similar shaped leaves. The taste is very good and unique for a temperate climate fruit. The tree is relatively easy to identify from its leaf, which is pale green on top and silvery white on the underside (from which the tree derives its … To herbalists, however, it is distinguished for its bright and edible dogwood fruit, commonly referred to as Kousa berries, cornus fruit and asiatic cornelian cherry. Although not truly a “wild” edible because kousa dogwood does not naturalize frequently in most areas. Many of our readers find that subscribing to Eat The Planet is the best way to make sure they don't miss any of our valuable information about wild edibles. The bright red berries grow in clumps, and I have read that they By strengthening the binding of the body, the Kousa fruit regulates the flow of blood and controls the bleeding. Traditional Chinese medicine uses dogwood fruit to stabilize and tonify the kidney and liver. As these berries have a slightly sour taste, their consumption can cause irritation in the gastrointestinal tract. While not poisonous they can prove to make one feel unwell if consumed as they are not … A binding and energizing herb, the dogwood fruit is certainly a beneficial medicine for one’s daily life. Read THIS article on kousa dogwood if you’re interested in more information on how to know when kousa dogwood berries are ready to eat. It nourishes the kidney of its deficiencies and restores the organ to revitalize its essence. Kousa dogwood fruit safe for dog. Dogwood fruit, or Asiatic cornelian cherry fruit, is from the Japanese dogwood scientifically named Cornus kousa. The Kousa fruit is effective in treating excessive sweating, diarrhea, and urinary incontinence. Dogwood fruit comes in many shapes, sizes and colors. Is effective in treating excessive sweating may also take dogwood fruit, is from Dag where also... Therefore it ’ s always promising to find an healthy all-natural holistic alternative to anti-inflammatory drugs slightly. 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